The propagation of discontinuity waves of various order in rheological media is examined. It is assumed that the region of discontinuity of values can be represented by an intermediate layer of infinitesimal thickness. By means of this representation, results can be obtained for a rather wide class of continuous media with viscous properties, which generalize Duhem's results. The first integrals of the laws of momentum and energy conservation are obtained, which hold inside the intermediate layer at a shock wave.
It is shown that when viscosity elements are introduced in a special way into the rheological model of a continuous medium, discontinuity waves of any order are propagated in the medium, and that at the surface of a strong discontinuity in a heat-conducting medium, the temperature is continuous. Additional conditions for strain discontinuities at the viscosity elements are obtained. For certain inclusions of the viscosity elements into the rheological model discontinuity waves do not propagate; instead there is merely a weak discontinuity surface which acts as an interface between the flow region of the continuous medium and the region in the state of rest. Contact discontinuities can occur in any continuous medium.
The possible existence of a geometrical discontinuity surface in a viscous gas was examined first by Duhem . He established that singluar strong-discontinuity surfaces cannot take place in a viscous gas. However, if one assumes that the velocity and temperature are continuous in the passage through a singular surface, only contact discontinuities are possible .
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Chernyshov, A.D. Propagation of discontinuity waves in complex rheological media with viscous properties. J Appl Mech Tech Phys 10, 30–39 (1969). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00916250
- Shock Wave
- Intermediate Layer
- Continuous Medium
- Rheological Model
- Contact Discontinuity