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Interleukin-2 correction of defectivein vitro T-cell mitogenesis in patients with common varied immunodeficiency

Abstract

We studied the ability of phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and two anti-T-cell monoclonal antibodies, OKT3 and Pan T2, to induce interleukin-2 (IL2) production and proliferation in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) from 14 patients with combined varied immunodeficiency (CVI). The median values of endogenous IL2 produced by mitogen-stimulated PBL was significantly lower in patients than controls irrespective of the mitogen used. The patients, taken as a group, had a significantly decreasedin vitro PBL response to mitogen stimulation when compared to controls. With the addition of a highly purified human IL2 preparation, the proliferative response in the majority of patients was significantly improved with all mitogens. Three patient groups could be distinguished: Group A (3/14) had full restoration of proliferative response with the addition of IL2, Group B (5/14) had partial restoration, and Group C (6/14) had no significant response. The monoclonal antibody, Pan T2, recognized a T-cell proliferative defect in 5 of 14 patients which neither PHA nor OKT3 recognized. This was not significantly corrected by the addition of IL2. This T-cell proliferative defect correlated with the lack of B-cell proliferation and immunoglobulin production in response to B-cell mitogens in three-fourths of the patients assayed. These data show that CVI patients are a heterogeneous group but have in common a decreasedin vitro production of IL2 resulting in a proliferative defect which is correctable at least in part,in vitro, in the majority by the addition of purified IL2.

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Correspondence to G. Kruger.

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Kruger, G., Welte, K., Ciobanu, N. et al. Interleukin-2 correction of defectivein vitro T-cell mitogenesis in patients with common varied immunodeficiency. J Clin Immunol 4, 295–303 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00915297

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Key words

  • Combined varied immunodeficiency
  • interleukin-2
  • T-cell lymphocytes
  • B-cell lymphocytes
  • mitogen response