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The structure and prevalence of behavioral problems in Hong Kong preschool children

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Nearly all 3-year-old Chinese children in Hong Kong attend preschool facilities, making it possible to study their behavior in a group learning situation based upon teachers' perception. The Preschool Behavior Checklist (PBCL), a teacher's questionnaire, was applied to a random sample of 851 Chinese children, ages 36 to 48 months. The factor structure of the PBCL was very similar to that obtained from its original British study, supporting its usage cross-culturally. Prevalence of behavior disorder was high as defined by the PBCL. This reflected specific cultural demands at school settings. Significant sex differences were also found in the overall rate of behavior disorder and symptom patterns. As in other studies, boys had more hyperactive, conduct, and speech problems. The results suggested a certain degree of universality of symptomatology for children at the preschool level.

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This project was funded by the Hong Kong Society for Child Health and Development. We are grateful to all the kindergartens and child care centers which participated in this project. Valuable assistance was provided by the Education Department and the Medical Health Department.

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Luk, S.-., Leung, P.W.-., Bacon-Shone, J. et al. The structure and prevalence of behavioral problems in Hong Kong preschool children. J Abnorm Child Psychol 19, 219–232 (1991).

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  • Random Sample
  • Factor Structure
  • Behavioral Problem
  • Behavior Disorder
  • Preschool Child