A highly active catalyst — ruthenium -for the hydrogenation of monoses to polyhydric alcohols was selected on the basis of the principles of structural and energy correspondence of the multiplet theory of catalysis. An experimental verification confirmed the high activity of ruthenium in this reaction.
Ruthenium is a highly active and stable catalyst of the hydrogenation of monoses, more active than platinum and palladium.
Ruthenium hydrogenates monoses in neutral and acid media and therefore has a number of substantial advantages in comparison with nickel.
On the basis of calculations according to the equations of the multiplet theory, the high activity of nickel in the hydrogénation of the C =O bond was demonstrated, which, as is well known, is also confirmed by practical data.
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Vasyunina, N.A., Barysheva, G.S. & Balandin, A.A. Catalytic properties of ruthenium in the hydrogenation of monosaccharides. Russ Chem Bull 18, 772–777 (1969). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00907040