Surface layers of the optimal composition of PbO0.5SiO2 0.5 were prepared on fused quartz substrates by Pb-Si counterdiffusion and their properties were studied experimentally. Prism coupling experiments have shown that these layers can be used as low-mode optical waveguides of good quality.
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Butusov, M., Jussila, K. & Leppihalme, M. Optical waveguides on SiO2 substrates prepared by Pb−Si counterdiffusion. Appl. Phys. 21, 159–162 (1980). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00900678