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Thermodynamics of black holes

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The thermodynamic approach is used to investigate the properties of black holes. The presence of surface gravitation makes it possible to introduce a coefficient of surface tension of black holes and “capillary” fluctuations of the horizon due to this surface tension; this makes it possible to find the temperature dependence of the surface entropy and the energy of the black holes. It is shown that there is a critical temperature at which a black hole explodes.

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Literature cited

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    J. Bkenstein, Phys. Rev.,D7, 2333 (1973).

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    J. D. Bekenstein, Phys. Rev.,D9, 3292 (1974).

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    S. W. Hawking, Black Holes and Thermodynamics, OAP-412, July (1975).

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Translated from Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Fizika, No. 9, pp. 34–36, September, 1977.

Some further matters will be discussed in a following paper in collaboration with Professor D. D. Ivanenko, t o whom the author is very grateful for fruitful discussions.

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Maksyukov, N.I. Thermodynamics of black holes. Soviet Physics Journal 20, 1146–1148 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00897116

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  • Entropy
  • Black Hole
  • Surface Tension
  • Critical Temperature
  • Thermodynamic Approach