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Kinetics and mechanism of copper fracture during deformation in surface-active baths

4: Macroscopic characteristics of liquid metal embrittlement and the micromechanism of fracture

Abstract

Relations have been derived here between the macroscopic characteristics of liquid metal embrittlement (durability τc under creep and strain ɛc prior to rupture under tension) and the parameters which characterize the micromechanism of fracture (surface energy at the crystal bath interface, energy of grain boundaries, temperature, structure of the crystal-bath interface, etc.), on the basis of test data indicating that the subcritical stage of microcrack development governs the fracture process, and on the assumption that transition to supercritical fracture occurs when the crack angle at the tip opens to its critical width δc. It is also shown here that, as the rate of subcritical crack development changes by three orders of magnitude, the magnitude of the critical angle δc changes only by a factor of 3.0 and may, to the first approximation, be regarded as independent of the bath composition. The values of τc and ɛc calculated according to this approximation agree closely enough with values based on tests.

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Translated from Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Fizika, No. 7, pp. 22–29, July, 1976.

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Glikman, E.É., Goryunov, Y.V., Demin, V.M. et al. Kinetics and mechanism of copper fracture during deformation in surface-active baths. Soviet Physics Journal 19, 844–849 (1976). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00892899

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Keywords

  • Copper
  • Surface Energy
  • Test Data
  • Liquid Metal
  • Fracture Process