Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Quantum processes in an intense electromagnetic field. II


An approach is suggested to the treatment of processes in an external electromagnetic field that generates real pairs. The interaction with the field is allowed for exactly by means of the solutions of the Dirac equation. Processes of arbitrary order in the electron-photon interaction are considered.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature cited

  1. 1.

    P. A. M. Dirac, Proc. Cambr. Phil. Soc.,30, 150 (1934).

  2. 2.

    D. A. Kirzhnits, Field Methods in Many-Particle Theory [in Russian], Gosatomizdat, Moscow (1963).

  3. 3.

    Sh. M. Shvartsman, Candidate's Dissertation, Tomsk (1976).

  4. 4.

    M. Markus and Kh. Mink, Review of the Theory of Matrices and Matrix Equations [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1972).

  5. 5.

    J. Schwinger, Phys. Rev.,93, 615 (1954).

  6. 6.

    V. G. Bagrov, D. M. Gitman, and Sh. M. Shvartsman, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz.,68, 392 (1975).

  7. 7.

    V. G. Bagrov, D. M. Gitman, and Sh. M. Shvartsman, Yad. Fiz.,23, 394 (1976).

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Translated from Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Fizika, No. 10, pp. 86–92, October, 1976.

In conclusion the author wishes to thank V. G. Bagrov and Sh. M. Shvartsman for useful discussions and critical comments.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Gitman, D.M. Quantum processes in an intense electromagnetic field. II. Soviet Physics Journal 19, 1314–1319 (1976).

Download citation


  • Electromagnetic Field
  • Dirac Equation
  • Arbitrary Order
  • Quantum Process
  • External Electromagnetic Field