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Looking for reconciliations between anecdotes and causalities: The stoical model

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Abstract

Our bias in establishing causality ties which attribute to one consequence a unique cause make circular causality difficult as a way of thinking. Philosophy shows many theories about causality which all are ways to reduce anxiety. Our experiences sometimes require us to go farther than the instrumental (causal) level and to discover a place where disorder may be reestablished in the movement and contradiction. The Stoical model of expressive causality gives a different meaning to our work. In practice the anecdote becomes the essential element in a chair of expressive causalities. A clinical example shows how the anecdote can be the intersection between the family and therapist, offering a new dimension to circular causality and helps the therapist to understand and create another way of thinking about disorder and confusion.

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Despret, V., LeMaire, J.-. Looking for reconciliations between anecdotes and causalities: The stoical model. Contemp Fam Ther 13, 535–541 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00890591

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Keywords

  • Health Psychology
  • Social Issue
  • Essential Element
  • Circular Causality
  • Expressive Causality