Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Sex hormones in pedophiles

I baseline values of six hormones II the gonadotropin releasing hormone test

Abstract

Twenty-six pedophiles and 16 nonviolent nonsex offenders were compared on baseline values of Luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone, estradiol, dehydroenpiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) and cortisol. Pedophiles had significantly higher levels of LH and FSH but lower levels of testosterone. There were no significant differences on the remaining hormones. When age and substance abuse were controlled, LH and FSH differences were not statistically significant but testosterone differences remained and pedophiles now had lower levels of cortisol. In a second study, 26 pedophiles and 14 healthy community controls were compared on the gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) test. Blood was sampled for LH and FSH at times — 15, 0, 20, 45 and 60 minutes. There were no group differences in baseline values of LH or FSH. Pedophiles, however, showed greater increases in LH (but not FSH) than controls after GnRH injection. Results were similar when age, substance abuse and baseline levels of testosterone were taken into account. The findings suggest that further investigation of pituitary functioning in pedophiles is warranted.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bain, J. (1987). Hormones and Sexual aggression in the male.Integrative Psychiatry, 4, 82–93.

  2. Bain, J., Moskowitz, D. & Clapp, J.C. (1978). The LH and FSH response to gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) in normospermic, oligospermic and azoospermic men.Archives of Andrology, 1, 147–152.

  3. Berlin, F.S. (1983). Sex offenders: a biomedical perspective and a status report on biomedical treatment. In Greer, J.C. & Stuart, I.P. (Eds.).The sexual aggressor: current perspectives on treatment. New York: Von Nostrand Co., pp 83–123.

  4. Berlin, F.S. & Krout, E. (1986). Pedophilia: diagnostic concepts treatment, and ethical considerations.Americal Journal of Forensic Psychiatry.7, 13–30.

  5. Gaffney, G.S. & Berlin, F.S. (1984). Is there a hypothalamic- pituitary-gonadal dysfunction in paedophilia?British Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 657–660.

  6. Meyer-Bahlburg, H.F. (1977). Sex hormones and male homosexuality in comparative perspective.Archives of Sexual Behavior, 6, 297–325.

  7. Meyer-Bahlburg, H.F. (1980). Hormones and homosexuality.Psychiatric Clinics of North America.3, 349–364.

  8. Langevin, R., Bain, J., Ben-Aron, M.H., Coulthard, R., Day, D., Handy, L., Heasman, G., Hucker, S.J., Purins, J.E., Roper, V., Russon A.E. (1985). Sexual aggression: constructing a predictive equation—a controlled pilot study. In R. Langevin (Ed.).Erotic preference, gender identity, and aggression in men: new research studies. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, Chap. 2, pp 39–76.

  9. Langevin, R., Bain, J., Sanders, R.M. (1985). Peripheral sex hormones, homosexuality, and gender identity. In R. Langevin (Ed.).Erotic preference, gender identity, and aggression in men: new research studies. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, Chap. 10, pp 227–248.

  10. Paniagua, R., Martin, A., Nistal, M., and Amat, P. (1987). Testicular involution in elderly men: comparison of histrologic quantitative studies with hormone patterns.Fertility and Sterility, 47, 671–679.

  11. Rada, R.T., Laws, D.R. & Kellner, R. (1976). Plasma testosterone levels in the rapist.Psychosomatic Medicine, 38, 257–268.

  12. Rada, R.T., Laws, D.R., Kellner, R., Stevastava, L., & Peake, G. (1983). Plasma androgens in violent and nonviolent sex offenders.Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 11, 149–158.

  13. Selzer, M.L. (1971) The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test: the quest for a new diagnositic instrument.American Journal of Psychiatry, 127, (12), 89–94.

  14. Skinner, H.A. (1982) Drug use questionnaire (DAST-20). Addiction Research Foundation.

  15. Watson, A.R., Rance, C.P., Bain. J. (1985). The long-term effects of cyclophosphamide on testicular function.British Medical Journal, 291, 1457–1460.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Bain, J., Langevin, R., Hucker, S. et al. Sex hormones in pedophiles. Annals of Sex Research 1, 443–454 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00878108

Download citation

Keywords

  • Cortisol
  • Testosterone
  • Substance Abuse
  • Estradiol
  • Luteinizing Hormone