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In vitro evaluation of phosphate, bicarbonate, and hepes buffered storage solutions on hypothermic injury to immature myocytes


In this study we evaluated cardiac myocyte viability and function under hypothermic conditions using three types of buffer solutions: phosphate buffer solution (PBS), Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer solution (KHB), and Hepes buffered minimum salt solution (MSS). As a control, normal saline solution (NSS) was used. Cardiac myocytes were isolated from neonatal rat ventricles. Myocytes (12.5 × 105 myocytes/culture flask) were then incubated at 4°C for 6, 12, 18, and 24 hours in various buffer solutions. After each incubation time, CPK and LDH were measured. The myocytes were then incubated for an additional 24 hours at 37°C to evaluate the recovery of the myocyte beating rate. Group MSS had a significantly better beating rate recovery than group NSS (control) after 18 hours (MSS, 32.7%, NSS, 0.0% of control; i.e., beating rate prior to hypothermic incubation). In contrast, group KHB showed a significantly lower recovery ratio than group NSS at 12 hours (41.0%, 78.8%, respectively), and the lowest recovery was observed in group PBS beginning at 6 hours of hypothermic incubation (27.6%). Group MSS significantly suppressed the release of CPK and LDH compared to group NSS at 24 hours (MSS, 246.7 and 440.2 mIU/flask; NSS, 369.7 and 821.3 mIU/flask, respectively). In contrast, groups PBS and KHB showed significantly increased CPK and LDH levels compared to group NSS after 12 hours (PBS, 388.6 and 721.4 mIU/flask; KHB, 340.5 and 540.5 mIU/flask; NSS, 91.5 and 222.7 mIU/flask, respectively). In conclusion, Hepes buffer has cytoprotective characteristics that may be suitable for long-term hypothermic preservation of immature myocardium compared to phosphate or bicarbonate buffer.

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Correspondence to Hiroyuki Orita MD.

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Orita, H., Fukasawa, M., Hirooka, S. et al. In vitro evaluation of phosphate, bicarbonate, and hepes buffered storage solutions on hypothermic injury to immature myocytes. Cardiovasc Drug Ther 8, 851–859 (1994).

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Key Words

  • cardiac myocyte
  • hypothermic injury
  • phosphate buffer
  • bicarbonate buffer
  • Hepes buffer