Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

The global distribution of long-term total ozone variations during the period 1957–1975

Abstract

Total ozone observations in the international network have been used as a basis for the analysis of the mean monthly ozone distribution over the globe for the period 1957–75. It has been found that during the period 1961–70 the total ozone amount increased in the Northern Hemisphere by about 12 percent and that this increase seems to be significant at all latitudes. Although the data were sparse for the Southern Hemisphere, there did not appear to be any significant ozone changes during the 10 year period. Relatively large geographic variations were found in the ozone trends and it is suggested that these variations are related to large scale changes in the atmospheric circular pattern.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Angell, J. J. andKorshover, J. (1976),Global analysis of recent total ozone fluctuations, Mon. Wea. Rev.104, 63–75.

  2. Attmannspacher, W. andHartmannsgruber, R. (1976),Some results of 6 years (1967–1972) of regular ozone soundings at the Meteoreological Hohenpeissenberg, FRG, Contributions to Atmospheric Physics,49, 18–33.

  3. Bojkov, Rumen D. (1969),Computing the vertical ozone distribution from its relationship with total ozone amount, J. App. Meteor.8, 284–292.

  4. Christie, A. D. (1973),Secular or cyclic change in ozone, PAGEOPH,106–108, 1000–1009.

  5. Cunnold, D., Alyea, F., Phillips, N. andPrinn, R. (1975),A three-dimensional dynamical-chemical model of atmospheric ozone, J. Atmos. Sci.32, 170–194.

  6. Dutsch, H. U. andLing, Ch. Ch. (1973),Six years of regular ozone soundings over Switzerland, PAGEOPH106–108, 1137–1168.

  7. Dziewulska-Losiowa, A. andWalshaw, C. D. The International Comparison of Ozone Spectrophotometers at Belsk, 24 June–6 July 1974 (Inst. of Geophys., Polish Acad. of Sci. Warsaw, 1975).

  8. Heath, Donald F., Krueger, Arlin J. andCrutzen, Paul J. (1977),Solar proton event: Influence o stratospheric ozone, Science,197, 886–889.

  9. Hering, Wayne S. (1966),Ozone and atmospheric transport processes, Tellus, XVIII,2, 329–336.

  10. Komhyr, W. D., Barrett, E. W., Slocum, G. andWeickmann, H. K. (1971),Atmospheric total ozone increase during the 1960's, Nature232, 390–391.

  11. London, Julius andPark, Jae (1973),Application of general circulation models to the study of stratospheric ozone, PAGEOPH,106–108, (1973/V-VII), Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, 1611–1617.

  12. London, Julius,Bojkov, Rumen D.,Oltmans, Samuel,Kelley, Jean I. (1976),Atlas of the Global Distribution of Total Ozone July 1957–June 1967, NCAR/TN/113+STR.

  13. London, Julius (1977),The distribution of atmospheric ozone and how it is measured, to be published in Proceedings, ASTM Annual Meeting, 31 July–6 August 1977, Boulder, Colorado.

  14. Johnston, H. S., Whitten, G. andBirks, J. (1973),Effect of nuclear explosions on stratospheric nitric oxide and ozone. J. Geophys. Res.78, 6107–6135.

  15. Rosen, Richard D., Wu, Mao-Fou, Peixoto, Jose P. (1976),Observational study of the interannual variability in certain features of the general circulation, J. Geophys. Res.81, 6383–6389.

  16. Ruderman, M. A. andChamberlain, J. W. (1975),Origin of the sunspot modulation of ozone: Its implications for stratospheric NO injection, Planet. Space. Sci.23, 247–268.

  17. Willett, Hurd C. (1962),The relationship of total atmospheric ozone to sunspot cycle. J. Geophys. Res.67 661–670.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

London, J., Oltmans, S.J. The global distribution of long-term total ozone variations during the period 1957–1975. PAGEOPH 117, 345–354 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00876620

Download citation

Key words

  • Global distribution
  • Ozone
  • Trend