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Evapotranspiration and canopy resistance of grass in a Mediterranean region

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A simple method for estimating actual evapotranspiration (ET) could become a suitable tool for irrigation scheduling. Resistance models can be useful if data on canopy resistance to water vapor flow (rc) and on aerodynamic resistance (ra) are available. These parameters are complex and hard to obtain. In this studyrc is analysed for a reference crop (grass meadow). Canopy resistance is dependent on climate, weather (radiation, atmospheric vapor pressure deficit, aerodynamic resistance), agronomic practices (irrigation, grass cutting) and time scale (hour, day). Anrc model, proposed by Katerji and Perrier (KP model), using some meteorological parameters as inputs, is presented. Canopy resistance calculated according to the KP model was used to estimate a referenceET ref on hourly and daily time scales.

TheET ref estimated using the KP model on a daily time scale was compared with a model proposed by Allen, Jensen, Wright and Burman (AJWB model) — in whichrc depends on leaf area index only — and with direct measurements from a weighing lysimeter. The results show an underestimation of 18% for the AJWB model against an underestimation of 2% for the KP model. Since the hypotheses are the same for both models and aerodynamic resistance plays a secondary role, the better results obtained by the KP model are due torc modelling.

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Rana, G., Katerji, N., Mastrorilli, M. et al. Evapotranspiration and canopy resistance of grass in a Mediterranean region. Theor Appl Climatol 50, 61–71 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00864903

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  • Vapor Pressure
  • Leaf Area Index
  • Vapor Pressure Deficit
  • Meteorological Parameter
  • Irrigation Schedule