We report clinical and pathological data in 56 adolescents presenting with gross hematuria (GH) and 65 presenting with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS). IgA nephropathy (present in 52%) and other mesangial lesions were found in the majority of the 56 patients with GH. Many of these patients had complex urological procedures prior to consideration of a nephrological problem. This often led to significant delays in making the appropriate diagnosis. Pathological lesions in the 65 patients with INS included minimal change NS (MCNS) in 31%, membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in 18.5% each, and membranoproliferative GN (MPGN) in 12%. In 47 of the patients with INS, in whom no specific treatment had been given prior to renal biopsy, MCNS and MGN were observed with a similar frequency (26% and 23%, respectively), with FSGS and MPGN being found in 21% and 11%. These results indicate that the pathological lesions in adolescents with INS who undergo a renal biopsy more closely resemble those in adults, and are usually more severe than those in young children. However, it should be noted that our study was retrospective. Hence, there were probably some adolescents with INS who had a successful response to therapy and therefore did not have a renal biopsy performed.
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Note that this list reflects the investigators' addresses and positions during the period of this study and not necessarily their current situations.
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Hogg, R.J., Silva, F.G., Berry, P.L. et al. Glomerular lesions in adolescents with gross hematuria or the nephrotic syndrome. Pediatr Nephrol 7, 27–31 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00861557
- Nephrotic syndrome
- Gross hematuria
- IgA nephropathy