Nineteen obese females applying for treatment for binge eating were administered a semistructured interview assessing the presence or absence of food restrictions, thoughts, feelings and physical sensations associated with binges, typical precipitants to binges, and factors identified as useful in avoiding binge eating. Both negative mood and abstinence violations emerged as important precipitants. The results also suggested that these precipitants constitute separate, independent pathways to binge eating. Implications of these findings with respect to restraint theory are discussed.
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Arnow, B., Kenardy, J. & Agras, W.S. Binge eating among the obese: A descriptive study. J Behav Med 15, 155–170 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00848323