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Kinetics of the reaction of tetranitromethane with certain reducing agents

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Conclusions

  1. 1.

    The kinetics of the reactions of tetranitromethane with reducing agents, which act as denitrating agents — potassium nitrite and potassium iodide in 70% ethanol — were studied.

  2. 2.

    The reactions studied proceed according to a total second order and are first order with respect to each of the components: with respect to tetranitromethane and with respect to the denitrating agent.

  3. 3.

    The instability constant of the complex I3 in 70% ethanol was found.

  4. 4.

    A method was proposed for quantitative determination of tetranitromethane.

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Literature cited

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    D. Glover and Sh. Landsman, Analit. Chem.,36, 1690 (1964); D. Glover, J. Organ. Chem.,29, 990 (1964).

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    A. Weisberger, E. Proekauer, J. A. Riddick, and E. E. Toops, Jr., Organic Solvents [Russian translation], IL., Moscow (1958), p. 313.

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    P. Job, Ann. Chimie [10],9, 148 (1928).

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Additional information

The article is published on the basis of a resolution of the Conference of Editors-in-Chief of the Journals of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, on July 12, 1962, as the dissertation work of M. Sh. L'vova.

Translated from Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR, Seriya Khimicheskaya, No. 4, pp. 649–655, April, 1966

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L'vova, M.S., Slovetskii, V.I. & Fainzil'berg, A.A. Kinetics of the reaction of tetranitromethane with certain reducing agents. Russ Chem Bull 15, 615–620 (1966). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00845937

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Keywords

  • Potassium
  • Nitrite
  • Iodide
  • Quantitative Determination
  • Potassium Iodide