Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Catalytic dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene on cadmium oxide in the presence of water vapor

  • 84 Accesses

Summary

  1. 1.

    When ethylbenzene is passed over CdO in the presence of excess water, what is formed is principally styrene. and to a lesser extent, benzene.

  2. 2.

    Styrene is produced as a result of catalytic dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene (this reaction on CdO is predicted by multiplet theory), as well as as a result of conversion of the ethylbenzene by cadmium oxide. The greater part of the nascent hydrogen reduces CdO.

  3. 3.

    Catalytic reactions predominate over topochemical reactions, especially in the formation of styrene.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature cited

  1. 1.

    A. A. Balandin, V. A. Ferapontov, and A. A. Tolstopyatova, Izv. AN SSSR Otd. khim. n, (1960), 1951.

  2. 2.

    Gmelins Handbuch der Anorgan. Chemie, Cadmium. syst. Num.33 Erganzmgsband (1959), Verlag Chemie, Weinheim.

  3. 3.

    T. K. Lavrovskaya and I. V. Matveeva, Advanced Scientific Technological and Industrial Experimentation [in Russian] series 35, No. P-60-64/7, TsITÉIN Press, Moscow (1960).

  4. 4.

    H. W. Patton, I. S. Lewis, and W. I. Kaye, Analyt. Chem.27 170 (1955).

  5. 5.

    V. V. Patrikeev and I. R. Konenko, Advanced Scientific Technological and Industrial Experimentation [in Russian], series 24. No. É-58-93/20. VINITl Branch Press, Moscow (1958).

  6. 6.

    I. Racine. Compt. rend220 823 (1945).

  7. 7.

    F. Uhde, French patent 776588; 29.01 (1335), Chem. Zbl.11 1088 (1935).

  8. 8.

    V. V. Patrikeev, A. A. Balandin, N. A. Butkov, S. I. Mitrofanov, and K. I. Orlova, Russian patents 111108 (Dec. 16, 1957), and 113042 (March 17, 1958).

Download references

Author information

Additional information

The authors thank T. K. Lavrovskii for kindly furnishing the Chromatograph and column.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ferapontov, V.A., Balandin, A.A. & Tolstopyatova, A.A. Catalytic dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene on cadmium oxide in the presence of water vapor. Russ Chem Bull 12, 373–380 (1963). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00844385

Download citation

Keywords

  • Oxide
  • Hydrogen
  • Benzene
  • Cadmium
  • Water Vapor