This paper analyzes the impact of the transportation system management (TSM) program employed during the 1984 Los Angeles Summer Olympics. Two issues are examined. First, the impact of the various elements of the TSM program on transportation system performance is measured by conducting a series of traffic simulation studies. The results show that TSM was an important contributing factor in the favorable traffic conditions experienced during the Olympics. Second, the potential of employing TSM as a long-term transportation policy strategy is assessed. It is concluded that the travel behavior changes that occurred in response to the TSM program were unique and short-term. Under ordinary circumstances, incentives do not exist to induce changes of the magnitude observed during the Olympics.
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Giuliano, G. Testing the limits of TSM: the 1984 Los Angeles Summer Olympics. Transportation 15, 143–161 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00837579
- transportation system management
- transportation demand management
- 1984 Olympics
- traffic simulation models