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Low-frequency dielectric permittivity of C60

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Abstract

Complex dielectric response measurements have been made on a C60/C70 mixture pellet. The frequency and temperature ranges cover from 20 Hz to 1 MHz and from 30 to 300 K. Results show that the real part of the dielectric constant is 5 with a weak thermally activated polarization contribution. This thermal polarization is believed to be related to reorientation of C60 molecules recently observed by many techniques such as NMR, sound velocity, thermal conductivity, and others. Our data yield relaxation frequencies for reorientation, indicating that the presence of an additional electric dipole moment of the orientationally ordered C60 molecules at low temperature contributes 0.2–0.3 to the static dielectric constant.

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Additional information

We wish to thank William Jenks and Chris Rey for their assistance and advice in performing the measurements. We appreciate helpful discussions with E. Manousakis and J. Cioslowski. One of us (G.C.) acknowledges the support by the National Science Council of R.O.C. under grant No. NSC82-0208-M-194-030.

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Chern, G., Mathias, H., Testardi, L.R. et al. Low-frequency dielectric permittivity of C60 . J Supercond 8, 207–210 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00732372

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Key words

  • C60
  • dielectric constant
  • thermal polarization
  • reorientation of C60 molecule