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Determination of the molecular weight of asphaltenes by the thermoelectric technique

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  1. 1.

    The molecular weights of the asphaltenes from the Arlansk petroleum, and their chromatographic fractions, were determined by the method of the thermoelectric measurement of vapor pressure (or gas phase osmometry). The method permits making the measurements under conditions which exclude aggregation of asphaltene molecules. Use of a liquid solvent eliminates errors arising from the properties of solid solutions. Determination of the temperatures by means of high-sensitivity thermistors within 3–5 min makes it possible to obtain the results rapidly, with good reproducibility.

  2. 2.

    It is shown that the separation of asphaltenes into fractions of different molecular weights can be accomplished by precipitation chromatography on aluminum oxide. The comparatively low value of the molecular weight obtained for fraction 8, produced by benzene, is attributed to the chemical composition of the compounds in the fraction.

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Translated from Khimiya i Tekhnologiya Topliv i Masel, No. 10, pp. 58–61, October, 1968.

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Ratovskaya, A.A. Determination of the molecular weight of asphaltenes by the thermoelectric technique. Chem Technol Fuels Oils 4, 773–776 (1968). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00723130

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  • Oxide
  • Precipitation
  • Aluminum
  • Molecular Weight
  • Chromatography