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From beyond the Big Bang to the end of the Planck era of the Universe

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The state ‘ante’ beyond the Big Bang is described as a non-metrical space devoid of time, and some circumstances are discussed. It is also concluded that the non-metrical space outside our closed Universe is identical with the stateante.

Further, the conclusion is made that the virtual pairs production cannot occur in a space without any metric; then, the virtual pairs (the matter) and space had to arise together within the Planck era of the Universe, where it was not possible to arrange events in order of time. Consequently, the origin of the virtual pairs and of space could be mutually determined and synchronous. The sum of ‘binding energies’ of the pairs at the same time both ‘already were’ and ‘only were becoming’ the binding gravitational energy of the closed Universe. The non-locality phenomenon (the Einstein-Rosen-Podolski paradox) is then considered as a possible explanation for the causal interconnection of the Universe.

Another possible mechanism is proposed, namely the quantum tunneling effect, this is but combined with the special conditions existing during the Planck era. Moreover, the creational process is assumed to be an optimal quantum phenomenon possibly governed by as yet unknown laws. The role of the Planck density is analyzed and the conclusion is made that probably only one option exists for the results of the creational process: the closed quasi-Euclidean universe. The causal interconnection of our Universe would then only be apparent.

In the final section a philosophical problem is found: in the stateante the law of probability was valid without the existence of the objects necessary in order for the law to actually exist; thus, it would be a law of divine character.

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Voráček, P. From beyond the Big Bang to the end of the Planck era of the Universe. Astrophys Space Sci 129, 131–141 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00717863

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  • Binding Energy
  • Final Section
  • Pair Production
  • Creational Process
  • Quantum Tunneling