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Sludge formation in storage of diesel oil with additive

Summary

  1. 1.

    During prolonged storage of DS-11 oil with 5% TsIATIM-339 additive, sludge accumulates on the tank bottoms; this sludge is an emulsion of water and oil, stabilized by the surface-active components of TsIATIM-339, including the stable free radicals present in the additive.

  2. 2.

    The emulsion sludges consist of 90–99% oil, 1.4–5.5% solid component, and 0.8–8.6% water. The solid component consists of 75–83% ash elements, including 31–54% barium. The number of paramagnetic particles per gram of solid component of the sludge may vary from 3 · 1017 to 6 · 1018.

  3. 3.

    Oil losses during long-term storage due to sludge formation may amount to 0.03–0.08% in aboveground tanks and 0.18–0.19% in trench tanks, which exceeds the established standard by a factor of 5–10.

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Literature cited

  1. 1.

    K. I. Zimina, G. G. Vorob'ev, and M. I. Orlova, Khim. Tekhnol. Topl. Masel, No. 5, 50 (1960).

  2. 2.

    G. S. Shimonaev and G. V. Zakharov, Khim. Tekhnol. Topl. Masel, No. 7, 59 (1966).

  3. 3.

    L. A. Blyumenfel'd, V. V. Voevodskii, and A. G. Semenov, Applications of ESR in Chemistry [in Russian], Sibirsk. Otdel. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Novosibirsk (1962).

  4. 4.

    K. K. Papok and A. B. Vipper, Carbon, Varnish, and Sludge in Automotive Engines [in Russian], Mashgiz, Moscow (1956).

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Additional information

Translated from Khimiya i Tekhnologiya Topliv i Masel, No. 6, pp. 42–43, June, 1974.

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Sorokina, N.A., Shimonaev, G.S. & Marinchenko, N.I. Sludge formation in storage of diesel oil with additive. Chem Technol Fuels Oils 10, 473–474 (1974). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00717268

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Keywords

  • Sludge
  • Free Radical
  • Diesel
  • Barium
  • Trench