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Selective fluorescence of eosinophilic structures in grasshopper and mammalian testis stained with haematoxylin-eosin


After staining with Mayer's haematoxylin and eosin Y, paraffin sections of grasshopper and mouse testis were analysed by both transmitted light and fluorescence microscopy. Under violet-blue (436 nm) light excitation, a bright green emission was observed in all eosinophilic structures. Meiotic spindles (fibres and poles), mitochondrial aggregates, centriolar adjuncts in grasshopper spermatids, the basal lamina, flagellar bundles and remaining cytoplasmic droplets in the lumen of seminiferous tubules showed the most striking fluorescence induced by eosin Y. No emission was found in these structures after haemalum staining. Fluorescent microtubular components also revealed a positive immunoperoxidase reaction for α-tubulin. All fixation and embedding procedures (Bouin, Zenker, formaldehyde alone or followed by dichromate or glutaraldehyde, freeze-substitution) were suitable for observation by fluorescence microscopy. Acetylation, deamination, and prolonged washing of stained sections with water, salt solution or ethanol strongly reduced eosin Y fluorescence, while it slightly increased after methylation. These results show that routine haematoxylin-eosin stained tissue sections can be routinely analysed by fluorescence microscopy. The emission of eosin Y allows easy and precise recognition of eosinophilic structures, which are poorly visible under bright field illumination.

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Correspondence to J. C. Stockert.

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Espada, J., Valverde, P. & Stockert, J.C. Selective fluorescence of eosinophilic structures in grasshopper and mammalian testis stained with haematoxylin-eosin. Histochemistry 99, 385–390 (1993).

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  • Seminiferous Tubule
  • Meiotic Spindle
  • Stain Tissue Section
  • Field Illumination
  • Mammalian Testis