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High-energy emission band nature in ZnS-type phosphors activated with silver and chlorine

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Abstract

The cathodoluminescence emission spectra of cubic blue-emitting ZnS:Ag, Cl, hexagonal green-emitting (Zn0.675, Cd0.325) S:Ag, Cl as well as hexagonal red-emitting (Zn0.27, Cd0.73) S:Ag, Cl phosphors have been measured at 293, 77 and 4.2 K. The measured spectra of the phosphors exhibited a single broad emission band at 293 K, while they had two emission bands at 77 and 4.2 K. The two emission bands shifted to a lower energy with increase of their corresponding half-widths as the temperature at which the spectra were measured was raised. The time-resolved emission spectra measured showed that the low-energy band also shifted in the lower energy direction during the decay of luminescence, confirming its donor-acceptor (DA) transition nature. The high-energy band decayed faster than the low-energy one and no energy shift occurred during its decay; it was attributed to donor-isoelectronic pair (DI) transition. The lifetimes of 0.625 and 4.2 µsec were estimated for high- and low-energy bands, respectively, in the emission spectra of ZnS:Ag, Cl at 4.2 K.

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Abdel-Kader, A. High-energy emission band nature in ZnS-type phosphors activated with silver and chlorine. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 1, 57–60 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00716019

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Keywords

  • Hexagonal
  • Chlorine
  • Emission Spectrum
  • Emission Band
  • Measured Spectrum