Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Evaluation of phytotoxic effects ofGliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Walp prunings on maize and cowpea seedlings


Phytotoxic effects ofGliricidia prunings were tested on maize seedlings in the laboratory and on maize and cowpea seedlings in the field. In the laboratory test, growth of maize seedlings was significantly depressed by addition of leachate ofGliricidia prunings. In the field, leaf, chlorosis of maize and cowpea seedlings occurred when mulched withGliricidia prunings; number of affected leaves increased with increasing mulch rate. Maize was more susceptible than cowpea. This phytotoxic effect, however, did not reduce growth of maize and cowpea seedlings in the field. ApplyingGliricidia mulch one week before planting eliminated the phytotoxic effects on maize.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Akobundu IO (1986) Allelopathic potentials of selected legume species. In: IITA, Resource and Crop Management Program Annual Report for 1986, pp 15–19. Ibadan, Nigeria

  2. Akobundu IO (1987) Weed Science in the Tropics: Principle and Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester

  3. Bhatt BP and Todaria NP (1990) Studies on the allelopathic effects of some agroforestry tree crops of Garhwal Himalaya. Agroforestry Systems 12: 251–255

  4. Glass ADM (1976) The allelopathic potential of phenolic acids associated with the rhizosphere ofPteridium aquilinum. Can J Bot 54: 2440–2444

  5. Holappar LD and Blum U (1991) Effects of exogenously applied ferulic acid, a potential allelopathic compound on leaf growth, water utilisation and endogenous abscissic acid levels of tomato, cucumber and bean. J. Chem Ecol 17: 865–866

  6. Kang BT, Sipkens L, Wilson GF and Nangju D (1981) Leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala (Lam) de wit) prunings as nitrogen sources for maize (Zea mays L.) Fert Res 2: 279–287

  7. Lyu S, Blum U, Gerig TM and O-Brien TE (1990) Effects of mixtures of phenolic acids on phosphorus uptake by cucumber seedlings. J. Chem Ecol 16: 2559–2567

  8. Menges RM (1987) Allelopathic effects of palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) and other plant residues in soil. Weed Sci 35: 339–347

  9. Obando L (1987) Potential allelopathy ofGliricidia sepium on maize, beanz and various weeds. In: Withington D, Glover N and Brewbaker (eds),Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Walp.: management and improvement, pp 59–60, Honolulu/USA, NFTA

  10. Rice EL (1984) Allelopathy, 2nd ed. Academic Press. Orlando

  11. SAS (1985) SAS User's Guide. Statistical Analysis System Institute, Cary, NC

  12. Tian G (1992) Biological effects of plant residues with contrasting chemical compositions on plant and soil under humid tropical conditions. PhD thesis, Agric Univ, Wageningen, The Netherlands

  13. Tian G, Kang BT and Brussaard L (1992) Biological effects of plant residues with contrasting chemical compositions under humid tropical conditions — decomposition and nutrient release. Soil Biol Biochem 24: 1051–1060

  14. USDA (1954) Munsell Soil Color Charts, Munsell Color Company, INC., Baltimore, MD

  15. Withington D, Glover N and Brewbarker JL (eds) (1987)Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Walp. Management and Improvement. NFTA, Honolulu

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to G. Tian.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Tian, G., Kang, B.T. Evaluation of phytotoxic effects ofGliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Walp prunings on maize and cowpea seedlings. Agroforest Syst 26, 249–254 (1994).

Download citation

Key words

  • phytotoxicity
  • cowpea
  • Gliricidia sepium prunings
  • maize
  • seedlings