The critical curve of a transition of the second kind in an antiferromagnetic superconductor (AFS) with nonmagnetic impurities has been studied. The AFS is described by using the mean-field model given by Nass, Levin, and Grest and assuming a one-dimensional electron band. We find that the points on the critical curve satisfy the thermodynamic stability condition for 0≤α1τ/Δ0≤5.04 and 0.49≤HQτ/Δ0≤1.64.Here α1 is the inverse lifetime of a conduction electron for nonmagnetic impurity scattering,H Q is the antiferromagnetic molecular field, Δ0 is the zero-temperature order parameter of a superconductor in the absence ofH Q and impurities. Further, α1τ and HQτ denote the values of these quantities for points on the critical curve. For α1τ/Δ0>5.04 and HQτ/Δ0>1.64, the phase transition from the superconducting to the normal state is always of the second kind. Some thermal properties of the system near the critical curve have also been investigated and we find that these depends dramatically on the impurity concentration.
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Chi, H., Nagi, A.D.S. The critical curve in an antiferromagnetic superconductor with nonmagnetic impurities. J Low Temp Phys 67, 475–492 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00710355
- Phase Transition
- Stability Condition
- Thermal Property
- Magnetic Material
- Conduction Electron