Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

On the relation between ozone storage in the residual layer and daily variation in near-surface ozone concentration — A case study

Summary

Numerous tethered balloon soundings which measured meteorological parameters and ozone concentration during the POLLUMET field experiments are investigated. They give indications of the influence of ozone conservation in the nocturnal residual layer (RL) on the development of the near surface ozone concentration of the next day. Mixing down from the RL to the surface is simulated by a simple model based on transilient turbulence theory, using measured profiles as initial values or model verification. The cases investigated show that the ozone mixed down from the RL contributes 50–70% to the maximum concentration near the surface on the following day, the rest coming from chemical production and possibly advection. Various features of exchange characteristics between the RL and the nocturnal boundary layer, (NBL) are described by the analysis of the soundings. It can be shown that the vertical exchange situation during the night can have a considerable influence on the ozone concentration of the following day.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. A. I. R. Inc.: 1986, ‘ADAS Models AIR-3A, AIR-3B and AIR-3C: Operation and Technical Reference Manual’, Boulder, CO.

  2. Baumbach, G.: 1990, ‘Luftreinhaltung’, Berlin/New York/Heidelberg, Springer, 432 pp.

  3. Baumbach, G., Steisslinger, B., Grauer, A., Semmler, R., Wanner, H., Neu, U. and Künzle, T.: 1993, ‘Tethersonde Measuring System for Detection of O3, NO2, Hydrocarbon Concentration and Meteorological Parameters in the Lower Planetary Boundary Layer’,Meteorol. Zeitschrift N. F.2, 178–188.

  4. Beyrich, F. and Klose, B.: 1988, ‘Some Aspects of Modeling Low-Level Jets’,Boundary Layer Meteorol. 43, 1–14.

  5. Blackadar, A. K.: 1957, ‘Boundary Layer Wind Maxima and their Significance for the Growth of Nocturnal Inversions’Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 38, 283–290.

  6. De Bruin, H. A. R., Kohsiek, W., and Van den Hurk B. J. J. M.: 1993, ‘Verification of Some Methods to Determine the Fluxes of Momentum, Sensible Heat, and Water Vapour Using Standard Deviation and Structure Parameter of Scalar Meteorological Quantities’,Boundary Layer Meteorol. 63, 231–258.

  7. Finnigan, J. J.: 1988, ‘Kinetic Energy Transfer between Internal Gravity Waves and Turbulence’,J. Atmos. Sci. 45, 486–505.

  8. Finnigan, J. J. and Einaudi, F.: 1981, ‘The Interaction between an Internal Gravity Wave and the Planetary Boundary Layer’,Quart. J. Meteorol. Soc. 107, 807–832.

  9. Fitzjarrald, D. R. and Lenschow, D. H.: 1983, ‘Mean Concentration and Flux Profiles for Chemically Reactive Species in the Atmospheric Surface Layer’,Atmos. Environ. 17 2505–2512.

  10. Fleuti, E.: 1990, ‘Untersuchungen über die Messfühlergenauigkeit des Sondiersystems TS-3A1’,Bern, Geographisches Institut Univ. Bern, Diplomarbeit.

  11. Fua, P., Chimonas, G., Einaudi, F., and Zeman O.: 1982, ‘An Analysis of Wave Turbulence Interaction’,J. Atmos. Sci. 39, 2450–2463.

  12. Gao, W., Wesley, M. L. and Lee, I. Y.: 1991, ‘A Numerical Study of the Effect of Air Chemistry on Fluxes of NO, NO2 and O3 Near the Surface’,J. Geophys. Res. 96, 18761–18769.

  13. Gossard, E. E., Gaynor, E. J., Zamora, R. J. and Neff, W. D.: 1985, ‘Fine Structure of Elevated Stable Layers Observed by Sounder and In Situ Tower Sensors’,J. Atmos. Sci. 42, 2156–2169.

  14. Harrison, R. M. Holman, C. D., McCourtney, H. A. and McIlvenn, J. F. R.: 1978, ‘Nocturnal Depletion of Photochemical Ozone at a Rural Site’Atmos. Environ. 12, 2021–2026.

  15. Hicks, B. B., Matt, D. R. and McMillen, R. T.: 1989, ‘A Micrometeorological Investigation of Surface Exchange of O3, SO2 and NO2: A Case Study’,Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 47, 321–336.

  16. Kim, J. and Mahrt, L.: 1992, ‘Simple Formulation of Turbulent Mixing in the Stable Free Atmosphere and Nocturnal Boundary Layer’,Tellus,44A, 381–394.

  17. Kramm, G., Müller, H., Fowler, D., Höfken, K. D., Meixner, F. X. and Schaller, E.: 1991, ‘A Modified Profile Method for Determining the Vertical Fluxes of NO, NO2, Ozone and HNO3 in the Atmospheric Surface Layer’,J. Atmosph. Chem. 13, 265–288.

  18. Kunkel, K. E. and Walters, D. L.: 1981, ‘Intermittent Turbulence in Measurements of the Temperature Structure Parameter under Very Stable Conditions’,Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 22, 49–60.

  19. Kurzeija, R. J., Berman, S. and Weber, A. H.: 1991, ‘A Climatological Study of the Nocturnal Planetary Boundary Layer’,Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 54, 105–128.

  20. Mahrt, L.: 1985, ‘Vertical Structure and Turbulence in the Very Stable Boundary Layer’,J. Atmos. Sci. 42, 2333–2349.

  21. Mahrt, L.: 1989, ‘Intermittency of Atmospheric Turbulence’J. Atmos. Sci. 46 79–95.

  22. Mahrt, L., Heald, R. C., Lenschow, D. H., Stakov, B. B. and Troen, I.: 1979, ‘An Observational Study of the Structure of the Nocturnal Boundary Layer’,Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 17, 247–264.

  23. McKeen, S., Hsie, E.-Y., Trainer, M., Tallamrau, R. and Liu, S. C.: 1991, ‘A Regional Model Study of the Ozone Budget in the Eastern United States’,J. Geophys. Res. 96, 10809–10845.

  24. Nappo, C. J.: 1991, ‘Sporadic Breakdowns of Stability in the PBL over Simple and Complex Terrain’,Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 54, 69–87.

  25. Nieuwstadt, F. T. M.: 1984, ‘The Turbulent Structure of the Stable, Nocturnal Boundary Layer’,J. Atmos. Sci. 41, 2202–2216.

  26. Oke, T. R.: 1987, ‘Boundary Layer Climates’, 2nd ed.,London and New York, Methuen, 435 pp.

  27. Padman, L. and Jones, I. S. F.: 1985, ‘Richardson Number Statistics in the Seasonal Thermocline’,J. Phys. Oceanogr. 15, (7), 844–854.

  28. Panofsky, H. A. and Dutton, J. A.: 1984, ‘Atmospheric Turbulence’,New York, John Wiley & Sons, 397 pp.

  29. Schenkel, A. and Broder, B.: 1982, ‘Interference of Some Trace Gases with Ozone Measurement by the Kl-Method’,Atmos. Environ. 16, 2187–2190.

  30. Schmidt, R. W. H.: 1989, ‘Eine schnelle Ozonsonde zur Messung von Ozonflüssen’,Master's Thesis, Univ. of Bonn.

  31. Semmler, R.: 1991, ‘Aufbau und Erprobung eines Probenahmesystems zur Bestimmung organischer Stoffe in Aussenluft’,Stuttgart, Inst. f. Verfahrenstechnik u. Dampfkesselwesen Univ. Stuttgart, Dipl. arbeit Nr. 2396.

  32. Sillman, S., Logan, J. A. and Wofsy S. C.: 1990, ‘A Regional Scale Model for Ozone in the United States With Subgrid Representation of Urban and Power Plant Plumes’,J. Geophys. Res. 95, 5731–5748.

  33. Smedman, A.: 1988, ‘Observations of a Multi-Level Turbulence Structure in a Very Stable Boundary Layer’,Boundary Layer Meteorol.,44, 231–253.

  34. Steisslinger, B. and Baumoach, G.: 1990, ‘Vertikalprofilmessungen von O3, NO2 und SO2 bis 500 m über Grund mit einem. Fesselballonsystem’,Düsseldorf, VDI-Berichte Nr. 838, 527–542.

  35. Strozzi, T.: 1991, ‘Untersuchungen über die Messfühlergenauigkeit der Ozonsonde OZ-3A-T’,Bern, Geographisches Institut Univ. Bern Seminararbeit.

  36. Stull, R. B.: 1988, ‘An Introduction to Boundary Layer Meteorology’,Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 666 pp.

  37. Stull, R. B.: 1993, ‘Review of Non-local Mixing in Turbulent Atmospheres: Transilient Turbulence Theory’,Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 62, 21–96.

  38. Stull, R. B. and Driedonks, A. G. M.: 1987, ‘Applications of the Transilient Turbulence Parameterization to Atmospheric Boundary-Layer Simulations’,Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 40, 209–239.

  39. Vilà-Guerau de Arrellano, J. and Duynkerke, P. G.: 1992, ‘Influence of Chemistry on the Flux-Gradient Relationship for the NO-O3-NO2 System’,Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 61, 375–387.

  40. Wanner, H., Künzle, T., Neu, U., Ihly, B., Baumbach, G. and Steisslinger, B. 1993, ‘On the Dynamics of Photochemical Smog over the Swiss Middleland—Results of the First POLLUMET Field Experiment’,Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. 51, 117–138.

  41. Weber, A. H. and Kurzeja, R. J.: 1991, ‘Nocturnal Planetary Boundary Layer Structure and Turbulence Episodes during the Project STABLE Field Program’,J. Appl. Meteorol. 30, 1117–1133.

  42. Weber, M.: 1992, ‘The Influence of Chemical Reactions on the Calculation of NO2 and O3 Deposition Fluxes from Eddy-Correlation Measurements’,lecture at XVII General Assembly of Europ. Geophys. Soc. Edinburgh.

  43. Weisel, E. L.: 1986, ‘Untersuchung eines niedertroposphärischen Strahlstroms im Alpenvorland’,Dissert. Phys. Fak. Frankfurt, 145 pp.

  44. Winkler, K.: 1980, ‘Störungen der nächtlichen Grenzschicht’,Meteorol. Rdsch. 33, 90–94.

  45. Zhang, Q., and Stull, R. B.: 1992, ‘Alternative Nonlocal Descriptions of Boundary-Layer Evolution’,J. Atmos. Sci. 49, 2267–2281.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Neu, U., Künzle, T. & Wanner, H. On the relation between ozone storage in the residual layer and daily variation in near-surface ozone concentration — A case study. Boundary-Layer Meteorol 69, 221–247 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00708857

Download citation

Keywords

  • Ozone
  • Advection
  • Ozone Concentration
  • Meteorological Parameter
  • Model Verification