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Synergistic fibre strengthening in hybrid composites

Abstract

The theoretical stress-strain behaviour of a three component hybrid composite consisting of a brittle fibre and a “matrix” composed of a binder and less brittle fibre is described, and the conditions required for a synergistic strengthening of the brittle fibres are compared for the limiting assumptions of a frictional and elastic bond. The theory is tested using a dispersed type I carbon-glass-epoxy hybrid and it is shown that increases in effective fibre strength of around 100% can be obtained. Finally, the economic and structural advantages of using a hybrid in place of a conventional carbon composite of the same modulus are discussed.

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Aveston, J., Sillwood, J.M. Synergistic fibre strengthening in hybrid composites. J Mater Sci 11, 1877–1883 (1976). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00708266

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Keywords

  • Polymer
  • Brittle
  • Hybrid Composite
  • Fibre Strength
  • Carbon Composite