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Surgically confirmed myelographic classification of congenital intraspinal lipoma in the lumbosacral region

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Abstract

Twenty-four cases of histologically confirmed congenital intraspinal lipoma of the lumbosacral region were studied by means of myelography with metrizamide. The findings were compared with intraoperative observations. Myelography with metrizamide clearly revealed the detailed intrathecal structures and allowed a classification of intraspinal lipomas into four types, in terms of their insertion into the conus medullaris: (1) dorsal type, either with direct or indirect (via an intrathecal stalk) insertion of the extrathecal lipoma into the dorsal aspect of the conus medullaris; (2) caudal type; (3) combined type; and (4) filar lipoma. Based on our surgical experience in untethering and decompression of the lesions, the classification was found to be useful in designing a safe and effective surgical procedure which minimized all possible trauma to the intrathecal neural structures.

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Correspondence to Kiyoshi Sato.

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Sato, K., Shimoji, T., Sumie, H. et al. Surgically confirmed myelographic classification of congenital intraspinal lipoma in the lumbosacral region. Child's Nerv Syst 1, 3–11 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00706723

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Key words

  • Intraspinal lipoma
  • Myelography
  • Meningocele