Three-year pot experiments were carried out in a greenhouse with the aim of reducing the copper content in the 2nd link of the soil-plant-animal (man) trophic chain. For this purpose, synthetic zeolites of the 3A, 4A, 5A and 13X type were introduced into copper contaminated soils at levels of 1, 2 and 3% by weight in relation to the soil mass. Mono- and dicotyledonous plants were cultivated in mixtures of soils with the zeolites. The copper content in lettuce grown in the contaminated soil decreased in the presence of zeolites by 29–77%, in grass by 41–78%, in oats by 45–64% and in beets by 21–41%, as compared to the control.
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Gworek, B. The effect of zeolites on copper uptake by plants growing in contaminated soils. Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Molecular Recognition in Chemistry 15, 1–7 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00706469
- Contaminated soils