Temperament assessment scales based on the New York Longitudinal Study were used at six and 20 months on pre-term, small-for-gestational-age and control infants. Although there were no group differences on the continuum between easy and difficult temperaments, significant intergroup differences were found on specific dimensions of temperament.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Thomas A, Chess S, Birch HG:Temperament and Behavior Disorders in Children. New York: University Press, 1968.
Carey WB, McDevitt SC: Revision of the infant temperament questionnaire.Pediatrics. 61: 735–739, 1978.
Fullard W, McDevitt SC, Carey WB: Toddler temperament scale. Unpublished manuscript, Temple University, Department of Education Unit, 1978.
Thomas A, Chess S: Correlation of early temperament with later behavioral functioning. Ciba Foundation, 1981.
Bates J: The concept of difficult temperament.Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 26: 299–318, 1980.
Bates J: Issues in the assessment of difficult temperament: A reply to Thomas, Chess & Korn.Merrill Palmer Quarterly 29: 89–97, 1983.
Hubert N, Wachs T, Peters-Martin P, Gandour M: The study of early temperament: Measurement and conceptual issues.Child Development 53: 571–600, 1982.
Carey WB: Night waking and temperament in infancy.J. of Ped. 84: 756–758, 1974.
Sameroff AJ, Seifer R, Elias P: Socio-cultural variability in infant temperament ratings.Ch. Dev. 53: 164–173, 1973.
Daniels D, Plomin R, Greenhalgh J: Correlates of difficult temperament in infancy.Ch. Dev. 55: 1184–1194, 1984.
Gordon B N: Maternal perception of child temperament and observed mother-child interaction.Ch. Psych. and Hum. Dev. 13: 153–167, 1983.
Klein PS: Behavior of Israeli mothers towards infants in relation to infants' perceived temperament.Ch. Dev. 55: 1212–1218, 1984.
Dunn J, Kendrick C: Studying temperament and parent-child interaction: Comparison of interview and direct observation.Dev. Med. Ch. Neurol. 22: 484–496, 1980.
Field TM, Greenberg R: Temperament ratings by parents and teachers of infants, toddlers and preschool children.Ch. Dev. 53: 160–163, 1982.
Simons CJR, McCluskey KA, Mullett MD: Interparental ratings of temperament for high and low risk infants.Ch. Psychiatr. Hum. Dev. 15: 167–179, 1985.
Roth K, Eisenberg N, Sell ER: The relation of preterm and fullterm infants' temperament to test-taking behaviors and developmental status.Inf. Behav. & Dev. 7: 495–505, 1984.
Oberklaid F, Prior M, Nolan T, Smith P, Flavell H: Temperament in infants born prematurely.Dev. & Behav. Ped. 6: 57–61, 1985.
Field T, Hallock N, Ting G, Dempsey J, Dabim C, Schuman H: A first-year followup of high risk infants: Formulating a cumulative risk index.Ch. Dev. 49: 119–131, 1978.
Hertzig M, Mittleman M: Temperament in low birthweight children.Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 30: 201–211, 1984.
Watt JE, Strongman KT: The organization and stability of sleep states in fullterm, preterm, and small-for-gestational-age infants: A comparative study.Dev. Psychobiol. 18: 151–162, 1985a.
Bayley N:Bayley Scales of Infant Development. New York: Psychological Corporation, 1969.
Watt JE, Strongman KT: Mother-infant interactions at 2 & 3 months in preterm, small-for-gestational-age infants: Their relationship with cognitive development at 4 months.Early Hum. Dev. 11: 231–246, 1985b.
Watt J: Interaction and development: The effect of prematurity.Early Hum. Dev. 13: 195–210, 1986a.
Watt J: Interaction and development: The effects of intrauterine growth retardation.Early Hum. Dev. 13: 211–223, 1986b.
Peters-Martin P, Wachs TD: A longitudinal study of temperament and its correlates in the first 12 months.Inf. Behav. & Dev. 7: 285–298, 1984.
Field T: Interaction of high risk infants: Quantitative and qualitative differences. In:The Exceptional Infant Vol. 4 eds. Sawin DB, Hawkins RC, Walker LD, et al. New York: Bruner/Mazel, 1980.
Goldberg S: Premature birth: Consequences for the parent-infant relationship.Am. Sci. 67: 214–220, 1979.
This study was supported by Social Sciences Research Fund Committee Grant No. 516855.
About this article
Cite this article
Watt, J. Temperament in small-for-dates and pre-term infants: A preliminary study. Child Psych Hum Dev 17, 177–188 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00706228
- Longitudinal Study
- Social Psychology
- Specific Dimension
- Assessment Scale
- Intergroup Difference