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Structure of the blue forms of bisphthalocyanines of rare-earth elements

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Abstract

Using electron spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and ESR spectroscopy, the blue forms of bisphthalocyanines of rare-earth elements were found to have structures of sandwich-type complexes with isoelectronic phthalocyanine ligands linked with tetravalent metal ions, [Pc2−Ln4+Pc2−]0. A comparative spectral and electrochemical study of the blue and green forms oftert-butyl-substituted bisphthalocyanines was carried out for almost the whole series of rare-earth metals. Lutetium octa(perfluoro-tert-butyl)- and perchlorobisphthalocyanines were synthesized for the first time.

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Translated fromIzvestiya Akademii Nauk. Seriya Khimicheskaya, No. 3, pp. 425–430, March, 1995.

This study was financially supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant No. 94-03-08903).

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Tomilova, L.G., Dyumaev, K.M. & Tkachenko, O.P. Structure of the blue forms of bisphthalocyanines of rare-earth elements. Russ Chem Bull 44, 410–415 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00702376

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Key words

  • bisphthalocyanines
  • rare-earth elements
  • synthesis
  • absorption spectra
  • ESR
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy