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Thermal decomposition of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene in melt and solutions

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Thermal decomposition of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene in the temperature range from 200 to 340 °C in melt and in solutions was studied. The main features of the process (high initial rates, activation energies lower than those in the gaseous phase, a higher acceleration at the catalytic stage, and the effect of nonpolar solvents on initial rates) are explained in terms of a kinetic scheme corresponding to a degenerate branched chain reaction.

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Translated fromIzyestiya Akademii Nauk. Seriya Khimicheskaya, No. 2, pp. 266–271, February, 1995.

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Dubikhin, V.V., Matveev, V.G. & Nazin, G.M. Thermal decomposition of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene in melt and solutions. Russ Chem Bull 44, 258–263 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00702131

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Key words

  • 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene
  • decomposition
  • chain mechanism