Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Thermal decomposition of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene in melt and solutions

  • 73 Accesses

  • 6 Citations

Abstract

Thermal decomposition of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene in the temperature range from 200 to 340 °C in melt and in solutions was studied. The main features of the process (high initial rates, activation energies lower than those in the gaseous phase, a higher acceleration at the catalytic stage, and the effect of nonpolar solvents on initial rates) are explained in terms of a kinetic scheme corresponding to a degenerate branched chain reaction.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    R. M. Guidry and L. P. Davis,Thermochim. Acta, 1979,32, 1.

  2. 2.

    Yu. Ya. Maksimov and V. F. Sopranovich,Gorenie i vzryv, Materialy IV Vses. sympoziuma po goreniyu i vzryvu [Combustion and Explosion, Proc. of IV All-Union Symp. on Combustion and Explosion], Nauka, Moscow, 1977, 619 (in Russian).

  3. 3.

    V. G. Matveev, V. V. Dubikhin, and G. M. Nazin,Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Khim., 1978, 474 [Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Div. Chem. Sci., 1978,27, 411 (Engl. Transl.)].

  4. 4.

    L. Peide and K. K. Brower,Proc. of 17-th Intern. Pyrotechnics Seminar Combined with the 2nd Beijing Intern. Symp. of Pyrotechnics and Explosives, October 23 31, 1991 Beijing, China, 1991, 473.

  5. 5.

    Y. E. He, J. P. Cui, W. C. Mallard, and W. Tsang,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988,110, 3754.

  6. 6.

    C. P. Allen and G. P. Happ,Canad. J. Chem., 1964,42, 650.

  7. 7.

    K. K. Andreev,Termicheskoe razlozhenie i gorenie vzryvchatykh veshchestv [Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Explosive Compounds], Nauka, Moscow, 1966, 98 (in Russian).

  8. 8.

    Yu. Ya. Maksimov and E. N. Kogut,Zh. Fit. Khim., 1978,52, 1400 [Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1978,52 (Engl. Transl.)].

  9. 9.

    F. I. Dubovitskii, G. B. Manelis, and A. G. Merzhanov,Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1958,121, 668 [Dokl. Chem., 1958,12 (Engl. Transl.)].

  10. 10.

    E. F. Brin and B. V. Pavlov,Kinet. Katal., 1975,16, 233 [Kinet. Catal., 1975,16 (Engl. Transl.)].

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Translated fromIzyestiya Akademii Nauk. Seriya Khimicheskaya, No. 2, pp. 266–271, February, 1995.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Dubikhin, V.V., Matveev, V.G. & Nazin, G.M. Thermal decomposition of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene in melt and solutions. Russ Chem Bull 44, 258–263 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00702131

Download citation

Key words

  • 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene
  • decomposition
  • chain mechanism