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Effect of refining with synthetic slags on the resistance to fracture of low-alloy steel

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Conclusions

  1. 1.

    In studying the component parts of the fracture toughness of normalized steel. 14G2-SAFB from a converter heat that was treated with synthetic slags in comparison with the standard steel we used nonstandard characteristics:a p=a Ta P.D. (wherea P.D. is the work of macroplastic deformation of samples with a fatigue crack that precedes crack propagation) and also the critical size of the stable crack 1st, which characterizes the reliability of the material. Parameter 1st characterizes the resistance to brittle fracture, in contrast toa p, which determines the resistance to ductile fracture.

  2. 2.

    Treatment of normalized steel 14G2SAFB with synthetic slags leads to an increase of the fracture toughnessa n at all notch radii, an increase in the length of the stable crack (critical size of the defect), an increase in the work of plastic deformation preceding crack movement, and a higher value ofa i. The ductile-brittle transition temperature determined from 50% ductile components in the fracture and the work of crack propagation do not change as the result of treatment with synthetic slag, which must be associated with the reduction of the oxygen content in this case.

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Literature cited

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    A. P. Gulyaev, Clean Steel [in Russian], Metallurgiya, Moscow (1975).

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    N. M. Fonshtein, "Work of crack development and fracture toughness of steel with a fatigue crack", Metalloved. Term. Obrab. Met., No. 2, 18 (1978).

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    N. M. Fonshtein and E. N. Zhukova, "Length of the stable crack as a parameter for determining the resistance of steel to brittle fracture", Fiz. Khim. Mekh. Mater., No. 3, (1978).

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    M. A. Krishtal and L. E. Épshtein, "Mechanical and physical characteristics of the fracture of metals", Metalloved. Term. Obrab. Met., No. 4, 2 (1978).

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Additional information

I. P. Bardin Central Scientific-Research Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy. Translated from Metallovedenie i Termicheskaya Obrabotka Metallov, No. 1, pp. 42–46, January 1981.

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Gulyaev, A.P., Fonshtein, N.M. & Zhukova, E.N. Effect of refining with synthetic slags on the resistance to fracture of low-alloy steel. Met Sci Heat Treat 23, 51–55 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00700306

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Keywords

  • Fatigue
  • Brittle
  • Fracture Toughness
  • Fatigue Crack
  • Oxygen Content