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New aspects in heteroatom chemistry: ambident anionic phosphinomethanides as building blocks in novel organometallic compounds

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Abstract

Phosphinomethanides bind to electrophilesvia either phosphorus or carbon. The resulting compounds usually are unstable and/or can rearrange from carbon to phosphorus coordination orvice versa. Selective oxidative coupling reactions of the phosphinomethanide ligands are found with metal centers in high oxidation states, but these ligands are stable to reduction. Thus, low-valency species can be stabilized. In addition, diphosphinomethanides are useful ligands to promote high coordination numbers with main-group elements (mulehypervalent compoundsmule), transition or lanthanoid metals.

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Translated fromIzvestiya Akademii Nauk. Seriya Khimicheskaya, No. 12, pp. 2025–2043, December, 1993.

This work could not have been achieved without the aid of highly committed coworkers and students, whose names appear in the list of references and to whom I address my thanks. I am also indebted to the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Fonds der Commission Industrie for financial support.

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Karsch, H.H. New aspects in heteroatom chemistry: ambident anionic phosphinomethanides as building blocks in novel organometallic compounds. Russ Chem Bull 42, 1937–1955 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00698872

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Key words

  • mono-and diphosphinomethanides
  • reactions with organosilicon and organo-germanium compounds
  • metal complexes