Amplitude modulation of the laser beam in a TEM mn mode by means of a mechanical chopper is investigated on the basis of the chopping model represented by a moving system of infinitely long, parallel slots and mark spaces. The cases of rectangular and axial symmetry of the laser beam are both treated. The explicit expressions for the waveform of the modulated normalized transmitted laser power are deduced and their consequences investigated. It is found that in the case of rectangular symmetry, unlike the case of axial symmetry, the TEM mn modes give, for a constant value of the mode numbern and for any value ofm, the same time dependence of the amplitude modulated laser power. The notion of the equivalent modulation widths is introduced and conditions for the efficient amplitude modulation are found.
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Mendaš, I., Vujković Cvijin, P., Ignjatijević, D. et al. Amplitude modulation of the cw laser light in the TEM mn mode by means of a mechanical chopper. Appl. Phys. B 39, 195–200 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00697420