Strained polycyclic spiro(1-pyrazoline-3,1′-cyclopropanes) react with acetyl or benzoyl chlorides at 0–15 °C regioselectively to give in high yields corresponding 1-acyl-3-(2-chloro-ethyl)-2-pyrazolines. Under the same conditions 6-ethenyl-4,5-diazaspiro[2,4]hept-4-ene gives a mixture of two pyrazolines resulting from the acyl group attack directed at different nitrogen atoms. Bicyclic pyrazolines-2 obtained by acylation of the cycloaddition products of diazocyclopropane with 3,3-disubstituted cyclopropenes transform under the action of hydrogen chloride to 1,4,5,6-tetrahydropyridazines in high yields.
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The work was carried out with financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Grant No. 94-03-08902).
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Tomilov, Y.V., Okonnishnikova, G.P., Shulishov, E.V. et al. Acylation of spiro(1-pyrazoline-3,1′-cyclopropanes) to form 1-acyl-3-(2-chloroethyl)-2-pyrazolines and transformation of bicyclic 2-pyrazolines into 1,4,5,6-tetrahydropyridazines. Russ Chem Bull 44, 2114–2117 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00696715
- acylation reaction
- opening of cyclopropane ring