Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Synthesis and characterization of 110 K superconducting phase in Bi(Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-oxide

  • 43 Accesses

  • 8 Citations

Abstract

The temperatures and sequence of formation of superconducting phases within the composition Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu4O x were determined using simultaneous differential thermal analysis (DTA) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A single phase high-T c ceramic was obtained by a solid state reaction using predetermined firing conditions, although a transmission electron microscopy (TEM) study showed a small amount of glass phase in the grain boundary tripoint regions. The unit cell of the high-T c phase was refined asa=0.5413 nm,b=0.5414 nm,c=3.715 nm. The melting temperature of the high-T c phase is in the region of 852–862°C. The effect of lead was believed to lower the temperature of formation of the high-T c phase. Lead was also found to evaporate from the matrix during and after high-T c phase formation, whereas bismuth was found to be stable in both the low-T c phase and high-T c phase compounds.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    H. W. ZANDERGEN, W. A. GROEN, F. C. MILHOFF, G. VAN TENDELOON and S. AMELINCKX,Physics C156 (1988) 325.

  2. 2.

    J. L. TALLON, G. R. BUCKLEY, P. W. GILBERT, M. R. PRESLAND, I. W. M. BROWN, M. E. BOWDEN, L. A. CHRISTIAN and R. GOGUEL,Nature 333 (1988) 153.

  3. 3.

    C. MICHEL, M. HERVIEW, M. M. BOREL, A. GRANDIN, F. DESLANDES, J. PROVOST and B. RAVEAU,Z. Phys. B 68 (1987) 421.

  4. 4.

    K. SUJIYAMA, Y. WASEDA, K. MOROISHI, A. INOUE and T. MASUMOTO,Z. Naturforsch. 43a (1988) 517.

  5. 5.

    R. M. HAZEN, C. T. PREWITT, R. J. ANGEL, N. L. ROSS, L. W. FINGER, C. G. HADIDIACOS, D. R. VEBLEN, P. J. HEANEY, P. H. HOR, R. L. MENG, Y. Y. SUN, Y. Q. WANG, Y. Y. XUE, Z. J. HUANG, L. GAO, J. BECHTOLD and C. W. CHU,Phys. Rev. Lett. 60 (1988) 1174.

  6. 6.

    M. A. SUBRAMANNIAN, C. C. TORADI, J. C. CALABRESE, J. GOPALAKRISHNAN, K. J. MORRISSEY, T. R. ASKEW, R. B. FLIPPEN, U. CHOWDHRY and A. W. SLEIG,Science 239 (1988) 1015.

  7. 7.

    J. M. TARASCON, Y. LE PAGE, P. BARBOUX, P. BAGLEY, L. H. GREENE, W. R. MACKINNON, G. W. HULL, M. GIROUD and D. M. HUANG,Phys. Rev. B37 (1988) 9382.

  8. 8.

    J. B. TORRANCE, Y. TOKURA, S. J. LAPLACE, T. H. HUANG, R. J. SAVOY and A. I. NAZZAL,Solid State Commun. 66 (1988) 703.

  9. 9.

    M. TAKANO, J. TAKADA, K. ODA, H. KITAGUCHI, Y. MIURA, Y. IKEDA, Y. TOMII and H. MAZAKI,Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37 (1988) L1041.

  10. 10.

    S. ADACHI, O. INOUE and S. KAWASHIMA,ibid. 27 (1988) L344.

  11. 11.

    S. M. GREEN, C. JIANG, Y. MEI, H. L. LUO and C. POLITIS,Phys. Rev. B38 (1988) 5016.

  12. 12.

    Y. YAMADA and S. MURASE,Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 27 (1988) L996.

  13. 13.

    C. J. KIM, C. K. RHEE, H. G. LEE, C. T. LEE, S. J-L. KANG and D. Y. WON.Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28 (1989) L45.

  14. 14.

    B. L. RAMAKRISHNA, J. C. BARRY, Z. IQBAL, E. W. ONG, A. BOSE and H. ECKHARDT,Physics C 158 (1989) 203.

  15. 15.

    R. ESCUDERA, E. CHAVIRA and D. RIOS-JARA,Appl. Phys. Lett. 54 (1988) 1576.

  16. 16.

    U. ENDO, S. KOYAMA and T. KAWA,Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 27 (1988) L1476.

  17. 17.

    H. NOBUMASA, K. SHIMIZU, K. KITANO and T. KAWAI,ibid. 27 (1988) L846.

  18. 18.

    R. RAMESH, G. THOMAS, S. GREEN, C. JIANG, Y. MEI, M. L. RUDEE and H. L. LUO,Phys. Rev. B38 (1988) 7070.

  19. 19.

    H. NOBUMASA, T. ARIMA, K. SHIMIZU, Y. OTSUKA, Y. MURATA and T. KAWAI,Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28 (1989) L187.

  20. 20.

    R. RAMESH, G. THOMAS, S. GREEN, Y. MEI, C. JIANG and H. L. LUO,Appl. Phys. Lett. 53 (1988) 1759.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Chen, Y.L., Stevens, R., Lo, W. et al. Synthesis and characterization of 110 K superconducting phase in Bi(Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-oxide. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 1, 185–191 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00696074

Download citation

Keywords

  • Scanning Electron Microscopy
  • Transmission Electron Microscopy
  • Solid State
  • Thermal Analysis
  • Melting Temperature