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Distribution of hexadecylphosphocholine and octadecyl-methyl-glycero-3-phosphocholine in rat tissues during steady-state treatment

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Summary

The distribution of the alkylphosphocholine hexadecylphosphocholine (He-PC) and the (alkyl)lysophospholipid 1-0-octadecyl-2-0-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ET18-OCH3) was analyzed in rats. The compounds were given orally at a daily dose of 75 μmol/kg body weight. After 6, 11, and 18 days, three rats in each treatment group were killed and the drug concentration in various tissues and fluids was determined. With the exception of the kidney (He-PC) and brain (He-PC and ET18-OCH3), steady-state levels of the drugs could be achieved in all organs investigated and in serum. Maximal concentrations of He-PC were found in the kidney, adrenal glands, and spleen, whereas the highest concentrations of ET18-OCH3 were detected in the adrenal glands, spleen, and small intestine. The concentrations of He-PC exceeded those of ET18-OCH3 in most tissues by a factor of about 2–25. Since samples of urine and feces did not contain detectable amounts of the compounds, the absorption of both lipid analogues was assumed to be complete. The total amount of He-PC recovered after 6, 11, and 18 days was 15%, 12%, and 6%, respectively, and that of ET18-OCH3 was 1.3%, 0.8%, and 0.3%, respectively. This indicates that the bioavailability of He-PC and ET18-OCH3 is not controlled by differences in the uptake of the two drugs, but by differences in their metabolism. The results could explain the differing efficacy of these two compounds in their antitumor action in animal models.

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Correspondence to Clemens Unger.

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Marschner, N., Kötting, J., Eibl, H. et al. Distribution of hexadecylphosphocholine and octadecyl-methyl-glycero-3-phosphocholine in rat tissues during steady-state treatment. Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. 31, 18–22 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00695989

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Keywords

  • Lipid
  • Body Weight
  • Treatment Group
  • Animal Model
  • Cancer Research