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Parasite regulation of host insect metamorphosis: a new form of regulation in pseudoparasitized larvae ofTrichoplusia ni

Summary

When eggs ofTrichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera) are stung by a parasitic wasp,Chelonus sp., the developing host larvae precociously initiate metamorphosis ten days later. Precocious initiation of metamorphosis occurs even in ‘pseudoparasitized’ stung hosts which contain no living parasites at the time of symptoms of host regulation by the parasite. In feeding, penultimate instar, pseudoparasitized hosts, the corpora allata activity, hemolymph juvenile hormone esterase activity, in vivo rates of juvenile hormone metabolism and changes in hemolymph protein composition all follow the pattern of the normal last instar. This and other evidence suggests the entire developmental pattern of the last larval instar is precociously expressed in penultimate instar, pseudoparasitized hosts. The cause of precocious expression of the developmental program leading to metamorphosis is a significant decrease in the critical size parameter that, in normal larvae, signals attainment of the last instar. The induction, in preultimate instar larvae, of the entire feeding stage developmental program leading to metamorphic commitment, using either biochemical, surgical or parasitic experimental probes, has not been previously reported. The results have important implications for the study of host-parasite endocrine interaction, of normal insect metamorphosis and even of human puberty.

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Jones, D. Parasite regulation of host insect metamorphosis: a new form of regulation in pseudoparasitized larvae ofTrichoplusia ni . J Comp Physiol B 155, 583–590 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00694448

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Keywords

  • Juvenile Hormone
  • Tobacco Hornworm
  • Cabbage Looper
  • Corpus Allata
  • Juvenile Hormone Analog