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Ultrasonic studies of the heavy fermion compounds

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Abstract

A review of ultrasonic measurements on the three heavy fermion compounds UPt 3 , URu 2 Si 2 and CeCu 6 is given. These compounds show one or more of the three types of co-operative behavior; Kondo-like effect, antiferromagnetism and superconductivity; all these features are observed as ultrasonic anomalies. Both UPt 3 and CeCu 6 show a strong coherence effect which is akin to a Kondo-like transition in the electronic system. Velocity anomalies are found at the antiferromagnetic transition for URu 2 Si 2 . UPt 3 also has an antiferromagnetic transition which is believed to influence the subsequent superconducting ordering. For UPt 3 , the superconductivity is of an unconventional nature; multiple superconducting phases have been observed and a complete phase diagram has been obtained from high resolution velocity measurements.

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Lin, S.W., Adenwalla, S., Ketterson, J.B. et al. Ultrasonic studies of the heavy fermion compounds. J Low Temp Phys 89, 217–228 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00692594

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Keywords

  • Phase Diagram
  • Coherence
  • Magnetic Material
  • Velocity Measurement
  • Electronic System