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Comparative studies on the adhesiveness of granulocytes of guinea pig and man

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Summary

The high affinity of granulocytes of guinea pig and man to glass surfaces is modified by serum. Native serum contains both an adherence-promoting activity, which is related to complement, and components which reduce the adhesiveness of granulocytes. These components are stable at 56°C for 30 min and are tightly bound to the glass surface. β-Lipoproteins are candidates for this adherence reducing ability of serum. Adherence promotion by native serum is mediated by coating the glass surface with C3b/C3bi. Human granulocytes from the peripheral blood adhered to glass surfaces coated by native human or guinea pig serum with C3b/C3bi to almost the same extent as in the presence of native serum, but on guinea pig granulocytes elicited in the peritoneal cavity, a cell surface metalloproteinase degraded the C3b/C3bi, thus reducing the adhesiveness of these cells. This proteinase was inhibited by MgEDTA, DTT, and 1,10-phenanthroline, whereby the high adhesiveness of granulocytes was restored to C3b/C3bi-coated glass.

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Abbreviations

BA :

benzamidine hydrochloride

BTS :

Bacillus thuringiensis subtoxicus

DTT :

dithiothreitol

EAC :

ɛ-amino-caproic acid

gp :

guinea pig

LDL :

low density lipoproteins

SEM :

scanning electron microscopy

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Ehlers, D., Sakowski, I. & Mohrig, W. Comparative studies on the adhesiveness of granulocytes of guinea pig and man. J Comp Physiol B 159, 481–489 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00692420

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Key words

  • Adherence
  • Complement
  • Serum constituents
  • Metalloproteinases