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Evaluation of formulas using the serum creatinine level to calculate the optimal dosage of carboplatin

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Abstract

Carboplatin is a chemotherapeutic agent frequently used in the treatment of various malignancies. An individual dosing strategy has been recommended to yield the most optimal exposure, expressed as the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC). The formula developed by Calvert et al. (dose = target-AUC × [GFR+25]) can be used to achieve this. However, due to the inconvenient [51Cr]-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid ([51Cr]-EDTA)-based measurement of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), its application in the clinic has thus far been limited. Chatelut and coworkers have recently proposed a formula to estimate carboplatin clearance using the serum creatinine concentration. We retrospectively tested the Chatelut equation and the Calvert formula using either the creatinine clearance based on 24-h urine collection or the creatinine clearance based on the formula of Cockcroft and Gault. The latter equations were shown to predict the carboplatin clearance reasonably well, although systematic overprediction and underprediction occurred. However, the formula proposed by Chatelut and co-workers had no significant bias and was precise. It is proposed that this formula be used to calculate the optimal carboplatin dosage after prospective validation has been performed.

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Correspondence to Laurence J. C. van Warmerdam.

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van Warmerdam, L.J.C., Rodenhuis, S., ten Bokkel Huinink, W.W. et al. Evaluation of formulas using the serum creatinine level to calculate the optimal dosage of carboplatin. Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. 37, 266–270 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00688327

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Key words

  • AUC
  • Carboplatin
  • Pharmacokinetics