Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Anisotropy of flux flow in layered superconductor 2H-NbSe2−x S x

  • 52 Accesses

  • 4 Citations

Abstract

Magnetic-field dependence of the resistivity for various currents in the layered superconductor 2H-NbSe1.8S0.2 was investigated. The flux flow was observed for various angles between the magnetic-field direction and the crystal layers near zero-field critical temperature. Anisotropy of the pinning force and the viscosity coefficient was found. The peak effect was observed under a magnetic field perpendicular to the layers, while it was not observed under a magnetic field parallel to the layers. A strong pinning force was found acting only on flux lines parallel to the layers. These results can be explained by the pinning mechanism due to the stacking faults.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    See, e.g.,Materials and Mechanisms of Superconductivity, High Temperature Superconductors II, R. N. Shelton, W. A. Harrison, and N. E. Phillips, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1989).

  2. 2.

    M. Tachiki and S. Takahashi,Solid State Commun. 70, 291 (1989).

  3. 3.

    D. Feinberg and C. Villard,Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 919 (1990).

  4. 4.

    T. T. M. Palstra, B. Batlogg, L. F. Schneemeyer, and J. V. Waszczak,Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1662 (1988).

  5. 5.

    N. Kobayashi, H. Iwasaki, H. Kawabe, K. Watanabe, H. Yamane, H. Kurosawa, H. Masumoto, T. Hirai, and Y. Muto,Physica C 159, 295 (1989); N. Kobayashi, H. Kawabe, H. Iwasaki, K. Watanabe, H. Yamane, H. Kurosawa, H. Masumoto, T. Hirai, T. Matsushita, and Y. Muto,Physica C 162–164, 683 (1989).

  6. 6.

    P. L. Gammel, L. F. Schneemeyer, J. V. Waszczak, and D. J. Bishop,Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1666 (1988).

  7. 7.

    G. J. Dolan, G. V. Chandrashekher, T. R. Dinger, C. Field, and F. Holtzberg,Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 827 (1989).

  8. 8.

    D. R. Nelson and H. S. Seung,Phys. Rev. B 39, 9153 (1989).

  9. 9.

    M. P. A. Fisher,Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1415 (1989).

  10. 10.

    E. Revolinsky, G. A. Spiering, and D. J. Beerntsen,J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 1029 (1965).

  11. 11.

    M. H. van Maaren and G. M. Schaeffer,Phys. Lett. 20, 131 (1966).

  12. 12.

    F. Jellinek,Arkiv för Kemi 20, 447 (1963).

  13. 13.

    Y. Muto, N. Toyota, K. Noto, and A. Hoshi,Phys. Lett. 45A, 99 (1973); N. Toyota, H. Nakatsuji, K. Noto, A. Hoshi, N. Kobayashi, Y. Muto, and Y. Onodera,J. Low Temp. Phys. 25, 485 (1976).

  14. 14.

    S. Foner and E. J. McNiff Jr.,Phys. Lett. 45A, 429 (1973).

  15. 15.

    E. A. Antonova, S. A. Medvedev, and I. Yu. Shebalin,Sov. Phys. JETP 30, 181 (1970).

  16. 16.

    P. Molinié, D. Jérome, and A. J. Grant,Philos. Mag. 30, 1091 (1974).

  17. 17.

    K. Onabe, M. Naito, and S. Tanaka,J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 45, 50 (1978).

  18. 18.

    R. C. Morris, R. V. Coleman, and R. Bhandari,Phys. Rev. B 5, 895 (1972).

  19. 19.

    P. de Trey, S. Gygax, and J. P. Jan,J. Low Temp. Phys. 11, 421 (1973).

  20. 20.

    D. J. Beerntsen, G. A. Spiering, and C. H. Armitage,IEEE Trans. Aerospace 2, 816 (1964).

  21. 21.

    G. A. Spiering, E. Revolinsky, and D. J. Beerntsen,J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 535 (1966).

  22. 22.

    Y. B. Kim, C. F. Hempstead, and A. R. Strnad,Phys. Rev. 139, A1163 (1965).

  23. 23.

    P. Koorevaar, J. Aarts, P. Berghuis, and P. Kes,Phys. Rev. B 42, 1004 (1990).

  24. 24.

    A. I. Larkin and Yu. N. Ovchinnikov,J. Low Temp. Phys. 34, 409 (1979).

  25. 25.

    P. H. Kes and C. C. Tsuei,Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1930 (1981);Phys. Rev. B 28, 5126 (1983).

  26. 26.

    E. H. Brandt,J. Low Temp. Phys. 64, 375 (1986).

  27. 27.

    P. H. Kes and R. Wördenweber,J. Low Temp. Phys. 67, 1 (1987).

  28. 28.

    T. W. Jing and N. P. Ong,Phys. Rev. B 42, 10781 (1990).

  29. 29.

    P. H. Kes and C. C. Tsuei,J. Non-Cryst. Solids 61–62, 865 (1984).

  30. 30.

    R. Wördenweber, A. Pruymboom, and P. H. Kes,J. Low Temp. Phys. 70, 253 (1988).

  31. 31.

    A. I. Larkin and Yu. N. Ovchinnikov,Sov. Phys. JETP 46, 155 (1977);Nonequilibrium Superconductivity, D. Langeberg and A. I. Larkin, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1986), p. 493.

  32. 32.

    B. E. Brown and D. J. Beerntsen,Acta Crystallographica 18, 31 (1965).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Sugawara, K., Yokota, K., Tanokura, Y. et al. Anisotropy of flux flow in layered superconductor 2H-NbSe2−x S x . J Low Temp Phys 90, 305–317 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00682004

Download citation

Keywords

  • Viscosity
  • Magnetic Field
  • Anisotropy
  • Critical Temperature
  • Magnetic Material