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Alkaline phosphatase isoenzymes in human kidney and urine, immunohistochemical, immunological and biochemical characterization

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Human kidney contains two antigenetically distinct isoenzymes of alkaline phosphatase (AP): a liver type and an intestinal type. The intestinal type AP is a minor component (1%–4%) of the total AP activity: it is found only in the cytoplasm. Both isoenzymes are located, found by an immunohistochemical technique, in the proximal convoluted tubules. This histochemical result eliminates the possibility that the low intestinal AP content in the kidney might only originate from blood vessels, where the intestinal isoenzyme was also found. The renal isoenzymes contribute to urinary AP. Intestinal type AP in urine of healthy persons, 10%–40% of the total AP activity, was found after high speed centrifugation predominantly in the supernatant (100,000 g), the liver type mainly in the sediment. Biochemical characterization revealed that intestinal type AP in kidney and urine are identical and differ from the isoenzyme of intestinal mucosa only slightly in their electrophoretic mobility.

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Pfleiderer, G., Mössner, E. & Schenk, R. Alkaline phosphatase isoenzymes in human kidney and urine, immunohistochemical, immunological and biochemical characterization. Histochemistry 80, 145–148 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00679988

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  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Electrophoretic Mobility
  • Intestinal Mucosa
  • Biochemical Characterization
  • Human Kidney