Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Pion study of hydrogen bonds of water in chemical systems


The use of the pion capture method in structural chemistry is demonstrated by experiments performed in Dubna on various hydrogen-bonded chemical systems: pure water and ammonia in solid, liquid, and gaseous phases; aquacompiexes; and solutions of acids and salts. The experimental information, the capture probability of stoppedπ mesons by protons, is related to the electron density near the proton in the molecule.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Gershtein, S. S.; Petrukhin, V. I.; Ponomarev, L. I.; Prokoshkin, Yu. D.Usp. Fiz. Nauk 1969,97, 3; (Sov. Phys. Usp. 1970,12, 1).

  2. 2.

    Ponomarev, L. I.Ann. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 1973,23, 395.

  3. 3.

    Horváth, D.Radiochim. Acta 1981,28, 241;Hyperfine Interact. 1984,17–19, 679.

  4. 4.

    Measday, D. F. InElectromagnetic Cascade and Chemistry of Exotic Atoms; Simons, L. M.; Torelli, G.; Horváth, D., Eds.; Plenum Press: New York, 1991.

  5. 5.

    Aniol, K. A.; Measday, D. F.; Hasinoff, M. D.; Roser, H. W.; Bagheri, A.; Entezami, F.; Virtue, C. J.; Stadlbauer, J. M.; Horváth, D.; Salomon, M.; Robertson, B. C.Phys. Rev., A 1983,28, 2684.

  6. 6.

    Petrukhin, V. I.; Prokoshkin, Yu. D.Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1965,160, 71 (Sov. Phys. Dokl. 1965,10, 33).

  7. 7.

    Kachalkin, A. K.; Krumshtein, Z. V.; Petrukhin, V. I.; Suvorov, V. M.; Horváth, D.; Yutlandov, I. A.Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 1977,73, 1675 (Sov. Phys. JETP 1977,46, 879).

  8. 8.

    Kachalkin, A. K.; Krumshtein, Z. V.; Minkova, A. P.; Petrukhin, V. I.; Suvorov, V. M.; Horváth, D.; Yutlandov, I. A.Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 1979,77, 26; (Sov. Phys. JETP 1979,50, 12).

  9. 9.

    Dézsi, I.; Krumstein, Z. V.; Molnár, B.; Petrukhin, V. I.; Rybakov, V. N.; Suvorov, V. M.; Horváth, D.; Cisek, Z.; Yutlandov, I. A.Khim. Vys. Energ. 1980,14, 183; (High Energy Chem. 1980,14, 140).

  10. 10.

    Lévay, B.; Minkova, A.; Petrukhin, V. I.; Suvorov, V. M.; Horváth, D.; Yutlandov, I. A. unpublished results.

  11. 11.

    Horváth, D.; Bannikov, A. V.; Kachalkin, A. K.; Lévay, B.; Petrukhin, V. I.; Vasilyev, V. A.; Yutlandov, I. A.; Strakovsky, I. I.Chem. Phys. Lett. 1982,87, 504.

  12. 12.

    Horváth, D. Report JINR-12229, Dubna, 1979.

  13. 13.

    Haggis, G. H.; Hasted, J. B.; Buchanan, T. J.J. Chem. Phys. 1952,20, 1452.

  14. 14.

    Luck, W. A. P.Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1980,19, 28.

  15. 15.

    Pauling, L.The Nature of the Chemical Bond; Cornell Univ. Press: Ithaca, NY, 1960; p. 476.

  16. 16.

    Kollman, P. A.; Allen, L. C.J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1971,93, 4991.

  17. 17.

    Horváth, D.; Measday, D. F.; Aniol, K. A.; Clough, A. S.; Entezami, F.; Hasinoff, M. D.; Noble, A. J.; Salomon, M.; Smith, J. R. H.; Stanislaus, S.; Virtue, C. J. To be published inPhys. Rev., A.

  18. 18.

    Petrukhin, V. I.; Suvorov, V. M.Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 1976,70, 1145; (Sov. Phys. JETP 1976,43, 595).

  19. 19.

    Bannikov, A. V.; Lévay, B.; Petrukhin, V. I.; Vasilyev, V. A.; Kochenda, L. M.; Markov, A. A.; Medvedev, V. I.; Sokolov, G. L.; Strakovsky, I. I.; Horváth, D.Nucl. Phys. 1983,A403, 515.

  20. 20.

    Horváth, D.Phys. Rev., A 1984,30, 2123.

  21. 21.

    Weber, P.; Armstrong, D. S.; Measday, D. F.; Noble, A. J.; Stanislaus, S.; Harston, M. R.; Aniol, K. A.; Horváth, D.Phys. Rev., A. 1990,41, 1.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Dezső Horváth.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Horváth, D., Lévay, B. & Yutlandov, I.A. Pion study of hydrogen bonds of water in chemical systems. Struct Chem 2, (243)451–(247)455 (1991).

Download citation


  • Hydrogen
  • Ammonia
  • Physical Chemistry
  • Hydrogen Bond
  • Gaseous Phasis