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Condensed matter effects on nuclear fusion rates in laboratory and astrophysical environments

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Abstract

Previously overlooked condensed matter effects (CME) can significantly influence nuclear fusion rates in both laboratory and astrophysical environments. In dense plasmas, the ensemble of fusing particles has a significant exchange of kinetic and potential energies. Thus, there are diminished effective flux velocities resulting in a significant selective reduction of fusion rates. Our CME predictions are testable in laboratory experiments and have broad-ranging implications on the fusion rates for stellar media in general. By calculating reaction rates forp(p, e + v e ) D and7Be(p, γ)8B in the sun, we show that CME help to solve the solar neutrino problem.

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Kim, Y.E., Rabinowitz, M. & Yoon, J.-. Condensed matter effects on nuclear fusion rates in laboratory and astrophysical environments. Int J Theor Phys 32, 1197–1223 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00671799

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Keywords

  • Field Theory
  • Potential Energy
  • Elementary Particle
  • Quantum Field Theory
  • Laboratory Experiment