Particle creation by a black hole is described in terms of temperature corrections to the Casimir effect. The results of Levin, Polevoy, and Ritov for spectral and total Poynting vector for a fluctuating electromagnetic field in a plane vacuum gap between two arbitrary media with different temperatures in flat spacetime are applied to clarify the situation that exists between the horizon of a nonrotating black hole and spatial infinity. This helps to reveal the mechanism of particle creation. The Hawking radiation is “born” inside the “bell” formed by a potential barrier of a black hole in all the region [2M, ∞]. Its blackbody spectrum is due to the interaction of field fluctuations with the surface of the “bell.” The particles between the “walls” are virtual ones. They can become real after passing through the [3M, ∞] tail, appearing to an observer at future infinityJ + as “real” ones. The arguments for and against the present standpoint are discussed.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Bardeen, J. M., Carter, B., and Hawking, S. W. (1973).Communications in Mathematical Physics,31, 161.
Boyer, T. H. (1968).Physical Review,174, 1764.
Boyer, T. H. (1970).Annals of Physics,56, 474.
Casimir, H. B. G. (1948).Proceedings Koninklijk Nederlansch Akademie van Wetenschapen,51, 793.
Davies, B. (1972).Journal of Mathematical Physics,13, 1324.
Davies, P. C. W., and Fulling, S. A. (1977).Proceedings of the Royal Society A,356, 231.
De Witt, B. S. (1975).Physics Reports C,19, 297.
Fabbri, R. (1975).Physical Review D,12, 933.
Frolov, V. P., and Zel'nikov, A. I. (1985). Effect of vacuum polarization near black holes. InQuantum Gravity: Proceedings of the Third Seminar on Quantum Gravity, Moscow, 1984, V. A. Berezinet al., eds., World Scientific, Singapore.
Gibbons, L. W., and Perry, M. J. (1978).Proceedings of the Royal Society A,358, 467.
Hawking, S. W. (1975).Communications in Mathematical Physics,43, 199.
Kennedy, L., Critchley, R., and Dowker, J. S. (1980).Annals of Physics,125, 346.
Lakatos, I. (1970). Falsification and the methodology of scientific research programmes. InCriticism and the Growth of Knowledge, Cambridge University Press, New York.
Levin, M. L., Polevoy, V. G., and Ritov, S. M. (1980).Zhurnal Eksperimental' noi i Teoreticheskoi Fizik,79, 612.
Macdonald, D. A., and Suen, W. M. (1985).Physical Review D,32, 848.
Misner, C., Thorne, K., and Wheeler, J. (1973).Gravitation, San Francisco.
Nugayev, R. M. (1982).Physics Letters 91A, 216.
Nugayev, R. M. (1985).Nuovo Cimento,86B, 90.
Nugayev, R. M., and Bashkov, V. I. (1979).Physics Letters,69A, 385.
Olaussen, K., and Ravndal, F. (1981).Physics Letters,100B, 497;Nuclear Physics B,192, 237.
Page, D. N. (1982).Physical Review D,25, 1499.
Sanchez, N. (1978).Physical Review D,18, 1030.
Sciama, D. W., Candelas, P., and Deutsch, D. (1981).Advances in Physics,30, 327.
Tadaki, S., and Takagi, S. (1986).Progress in Theoretical Physics,75, 262.
Unruh, W. G. (1976).Physical Review D,14, 870.
Wald, R. (1977).Communications in Mathematical Physics,54, 1.
Zahar, E. (1973).British Journal for the Philosophy of Science,24, 95, 223.
Zel'dovich, Ya. B., and Novikov, I. D. (1973).Stars and Relativity, Pergamon Press, London.
About this article
Cite this article
Nugayev, R.M. Can particle creation by a black hole be described in terms of more familiar laboratory processes?. Int J Theor Phys 26, 407–428 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00668774
- Black Hole
- Field Theory
- Quantum Field Theory
- Electromagnetic Field
- Potential Barrier