Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

High-temperature oxidation and spalling behavior of incoloy 825

  • 200 Accesses

  • 13 Citations


Incoloy-825-sheet specimens were exposed to four different atmospheres; steam, synthetic air, CO2, and CO2 diluted with argon. The duration of exposure was varied from 2 min to 100 hr in the temperature range of 600–1300°C. A comparison of the results in these four atmospheres showed the maximum weight gain in specimens exposed under steam, while the minumum value was obtained in specimens subjected to diluted CO2. The alloy obeyed similar reaction kinetics while exposed to all the atmospheres under consideration. The overall domination of parabolic rates was observed at 800–1000°C. For still higher temperatures, a transition from the parabolic to the cubic rate law was observed. Thermal cycling did not show any appreciable effects on the reaction kinetics of the alloy when specimens were cycled between test temperatures and 500°C, and finally cooled to ambient temperature.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    W. L. Pearl, E. G. Brush, G. G. Gaul, and G. P. Wozaldo, GEAP-4760 (1965).

  2. 2.

    S. Leistikow, G. S. Schanz, and Z. Zurek,Comparison of High Temperature Steam Oxidation Behaviour of Zircaloy-4 versus Austenitic and Ferritic Steels under Light Water Reactor Safety Aspects, KfK 3994 (1985).

  3. 3.

    C. S. Giggins and F. S. Pettit,Trans. TMS-AIME 245, 2495 (1969).

  4. 4.

    J. Stringer and D. P. Whittle,Rev. Int. Htes. Temp. Refract. 14, 6 (1977).

  5. 5.

    S. Leistikow,Basic Principles and Forms of High Temperature Corrosion (VDI-Report No. 235, 1975, pp. 125–143.

  6. 6.

    N. Birks and G. H. Meier,Introduction to High Temperature Oxidation of Metals, 1st ed. (Edward Arnold Ltd., London, 1983), Ch. 5.

  7. 7.

    V. R. Howes,Corros. Sci. 8, 221 (1968).

  8. 8.

    P. Kofstad,High Temperature Oxidation of Metals (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1966), Ch. 7.

  9. 9.

    C. S. Giggins and F. S. Pettit,Trans. TMS-AIME 245, 2509 (1969).

  10. 10.

    A. Moccarri and S. I. Ali,Br. Corros. J. 14, 91 (1979).

  11. 11.

    J. M. Francis, M. T. Curtis, and D. A. Hilton,J. Nucl. Mater. 41, (1971).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hussain, N., Schanz, G., Leistikow, S. et al. High-temperature oxidation and spalling behavior of incoloy 825. Oxid Met 32, 405–431 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00665447

Download citation

Key words

  • incoloy
  • oxidation kinetics
  • spalling
  • cyclic oxidation