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Effect of preliminary quenching on spheroidization of carbides


  1. 1.

    We investigated the effect of preliminary quenching on spheroidizing of carbides. It was found that preliminary quenching greatly accelerates spheroidizing of carbides and can be made part of the spheroidizing treatment.

  2. 2.

    For previously quenched steel the austenitizing temperature and time must be selected so that a substantial percentage of the granular carbides remains undissolved. The cooling time or isothermal holding temperature below Ac1 after austenitizing of the quenched steel must prevent formation of lamellar carbides.

  3. 3.

    The spheroidizing treatment proposed not only shortens the spheroidizing time but improves the properties of parts after final heat treatment.

  4. 4.

    This new treatment is recommended for use where it is economically expedient.

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Literature cited

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    K. F. Starodubov et al., Thermal Hardening of Rolled Products [in Russian], Metallurgiya, Moscow (1970).

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    A. I. Dianov, "Obtaining a structure of granular pearlite in eutectoid steel", Stal', No. 4, 321 (1970).

  3. 3.

    M. F. Polukhin, Sorbitizing of Parts before Annealing [in Russian], Listok Novatora, Sverdlovsk, TsBTI (1958).

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    N. N. Lipchin, Yu. A. Belykh, and T. N. Lipchin, "Effect of structural condition on solubility of carbides in steel", Metal. i Term. Obrabotka Metal., No. 10, 47–48 (1968).

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Additional information

Dnepropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute. Translated from Metallovedenie i Termicheskaya Obrabotka Metallov, No. 3, pp. 27–31, March, 1975.

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Dolzhenkov, I.E., Lotsmanova, I.N. Effect of preliminary quenching on spheroidization of carbides. Met Sci Heat Treat 17, 211–214 (1975).

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  • Carbide
  • Heat Treatment
  • Cooling Time
  • Substantial Percentage
  • Final Heat